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Table 1 Types of data collected

From: Implementing a collaborative model in health education practice: a process evaluation of a health education programme targeting users with mental health problems

MRC framework elementData collection methodsFocus areas for data collection
Implementation• Questionnaires
 o Users
 o Professionals
• Qualitative interviews
 o Phone interviews with users
• Observations
 o Professional development programme
 o Implementation in practice
• Quantitative background data
• Fidelity: number of professionals who completed the professional development programme and applied the collaborative model.
• Dose: number of tools used and number of times each tool was used.
• Adaptation: factors associated with professionals’ use of the collaborative model, e.g., observations of professionals’ interactions with educators and users at the professional development programme and professionals’ perspectives on sharing experiences at the programme.
• Reach: number of settings where the collaborative model was used and characteristics of users who participated in the intervention.
Mechanisms of impact• Questionnaires
 o Users
 o Professionals
• Observations of implementation in practice
• Phone interviews with users
• Professionals’ use of the collaborative model to facilitate dialogue about the setting of the health-promoting activity, sharing of knowledge and reflection about readiness for change in users’ health behaviour.
• Users’ perspectives on the collaborative model and their potential for promoting collaboration with professionals about health. This included whether users experienced being actively involved and supported in decision-making regarding their health and health-related behaviours.
Context• Observations of professional development programme
• Questionnaires
 o Users
 o Professionals
• Barriers and facilitators related to using a collaborative model in practice. In the questionnaire survey among professionals, we also examined whether they had discussed implementation with their manager and colleagues.
Outcomes• Questionnaires
 o Users
 o Professionals
• Observations of implementation in practice
• Phone interviews with users
• Professionals’ use of a collaborative model.
• Users’ experiences of their collaboration with professionals regarding their health. For instance, we compared data from observations and questionnaires among users which explored similar indicators of dialogue, sharing of knowledge and reflection about readiness for behaviour change.