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Table 1 Conceptual Framework of the Study (factors of patient adherence in long term therapies)

From: Understanding patients’ experience living with diabetes type 2 and effective disease management: a qualitative study following a mobile health intervention in Bangladesh

Socio-economic and political factors
 - Social factor: norms, regulation, social network, support
 - Political and social unrest
Health system related factors
 - Health policy and strategy
 - Health facility/institution
 - Financial support (user fee, insurance)
 - Medication supplies
 - Accessibility
 - Affordability (cost)
 - Availability
 - Quality of care
Patient related factors
 - Socio-economic status: age, sex, marital status, SES
 - Literacy
 - Employment
 - Living conditions
 - Transportation means
 - Psychological aspects: locus of control, self-efficacy
 - Knowledge, believes, perception, practices about diseases and illnesses
 - Motivation and attitude towards therapy
 - Expectation of the patient
 - Peer pressure
 - Stress, depression
 - Patient readiness to change, accept diagnosis, and treatment regimen
Provider related factors
 - Provider satisfaction
 - Lack of financial and other incentives
Patient-provider relationship factors
 - Information exchanged regarding diseases and treatment
 - Health education
 - Patient/provider satisfaction
 - Patient-provider relationship
 - Communication
 - Trust
Therapy related factors
 - Complexity of treatment
 - Route of administration
 - Duration of the treatment
 - Failure of previous treatment
 - Diabetic medication (oral, insulin, and/or combined)
 - Cost
 - Medication other than anti-diabetic
 - Side effects of medication
 - Frequent medication change
 - Previous treatment failure
 - Degree of behavioral change required
Disease related factors
 - Duration
 - Stage
 - Complication
 - Presence of comorbid condition