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Table 1 Studies reporting guidance development reviewed

From: Translating academic research into guidance to support healthcare improvement: how should guidance development be reported?

AuthorsFunding bodyTopicProductGuidance development methods
Waterman H, Tillen D, Dickson R, De Koning K. Action research: a systematic review and guidance for assessment. Health Technol Assess 2001;5 (23)UK. National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Health Technology Assessment (HTA) programmeAssessing action research proposals and projectsTool for ´critical reflection´ based on 20 guidance questions and points for discussion. Draft guidance requiring ´field-testing´.• Synthesis of findings in relation to study objectives
• Literary sources, action researchers´ experiences, findings of review
Wong G, Greenhalgh T, Westhrop G, Pawson R. Development of methodological guidance, publication standards and training materials for realist and meta-narrative reviews: The RAMESES (Realist And Meta-narrative Evidence Syntheses: Evolving Standards) project. Health Serv Deliv Res 2014;2 (30)UK. NIHR Health Services Research and Delivery ProgrammeGuidance on producing realist and meta-narrative reviewsPublication standards, quality standards, and teaching and learning resources for realist and meta-narrative reviews.• Literature search
• Delphi panels
• Email discussion list
• Methodological support to review teams
• Workshops
Bennett MI, Mulvey MR, Campling N, Latter S, Richardson A, Bekker H, et al. Self-management toolkit and delivery strategy for end-of-life pain: the mixed-methods feasibility study. Health Technol Assess 2017;21 (76)UK. NIHR HTASelf-management of end-of-life painSelf-management intervention including patient/carer support toolkit and nurse-led educational programme.• Initial scoping work, inc. 6 patient/carer interviews
• Evidence synthesis, inc. key learning from studies conducted by the team
• Interviews / focus groups to refine and detail intervention
Carpenter D, Nieva V, Albaghal T, et al. Development of a Planning Tool to Guide Research Dissemination. In: Henriksen K, Battles JB, Marks ES, et al., editors. Advances in Patient Safety: From Research to Implementation (Volume 4: Programs, Tools, and Products). Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US); 2005 Feb. Available from: Agency for Healthcare Research Quality (AHRQ)Research disseminationResearch dissemination planning tool• Literature review
• Review of current tools
• Expert review of draft tool
• Testing tool with end users (patient safety researchers)
Goering P, Ross S, Jacobson N. Developing a guide to support the knowledge translation component of the grant application process, Evidence & Policy, 2010;6.1: 91–102.Canadian Health Research Foundation (CHSRF), the Canadian Institutes for Health Research (CIHR), National Institute for Health Research Service Delivery and Organization (SDO) Research and Development Programme, and the Netherlands Organization for Health Research and DevelopmentAssessing research grant applications´ knowledge translation plansGuide for assessing health research knowledge translation plans• Developed draft guide based on existing literature and team’s expertise
• Cognitive interviews to assess applicant and reviewer responses to the guide
• Revising draft based on interviews (consensus method among team used to decide on revisions)
Janet E Anderson, Glenn Robert, Francisco Nunes, Roland Bal, Susan Burnett, Anette Karltun, Johan Sanne, Karina Aase, Siri Wiig, Naomi J Fulop, QUASER team, Translating research on quality improvement in five European countries into a reflective guide for hospital leaders: the ‘QUASER Hospital Guide’, International Journal for Quality in Health Care, mzz055, Community’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7)Hospital leaders´ quality improvement work and strategiesReflective guide for developing quality improvement strategy aimed at hospital leaders• Three expert group workshops on need/approach, emerging design, and feedback on prototype
• Report summarising workshop findings and implications for design