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Table 1 Participant demographic, medical history, and lifestyle behavior characteristics (N = 225)

From: Effectiveness of motivational interviewing on improving Care for Patients with type 2 diabetes in China: A randomized controlled trial

Demographic VariableInterventionControlTotalp
n = 117 (52%)n = 108(48%)N = 225
Age (mean ± SD)57.4 ± 13.461.9 ± 12.459.6 ± 13.10.01*
Gender (n, %)   0.85
 Male60(51.3%)54(50%)114(50.7%) 
 Female57(48.7%)54(50%)111(49.3%) 
Occupation (n, %)   0.45
 Full time26(22.2%)19(17.6%)45(20%) 
 Part time3(2.6%)6(5.6%)9(4%) 
 Unemployed65(55.6%)74(68.5%)139(61.8%) 
 Self-employed8(6.8%)2(1.9%)10(4.4%) 
 Others15(12.8%)7(6.4%)22(9.8%) 
Education Level (n, %)   0.65
 No or primary41(35.0%)36(33.4%)77(34.2%) 
 Secondary47(40.2%)52(58.1%)99(44%) 
 Tertiary29(24.8%)20(18.5%)49(21.8%) 
Duration of T2DM in years (mean ± SD)6.8 ± 5.77.9 ± 6.77.3 ± 6.20.22
BP (mean ± SD)
 Systolic BP(mmHg)122.8 ± 16.8125.7 ± 17.3124.2 ± 17.10.21
 Diastolic BP(mmHg)73.7 ± 9.978.2 ± 9.575.8 ± 10.00.00*
BMI (mean ± SD)24.6 ± 3.624.2 ± 4.224.4 ± 3.90.39
Waist (cm) (mean ± SD)87.7 ± 14.086.9 ± 10.887.3 ± 12.60.63
PHQ-2 (mean ± SD)1.04 ± 1.690.97 ± 1.311.0 1 ± 1.520.73
Comorbid conditions (n, %)   0.15
 None40(34.2%)18(16.7%)58(25.8%)0.05*
 Cardiovascular disease41(35.0%)38(35.2%)79(35.1%)0.93
 Non-Cardiovascular disease36(30.8%)52(48.1%)88(39.1%)0.14
Smoking
 Smoker (n, %)11(9.4%)13(12.0%)24(10.7%)0.52
 Cigarettes per day (mean ± SD)13.7 ± 9.58.7 ± 5.811.2 ± 8.10.13
Alcohol
 Drinker (n, %)20(17.1%)14(13.0%)34(15.1%)0.39
 Units per day (mean ± SD)1.7 ± 1.92.7 ± 3.22.2 ± 2.70.30
Exercise (Moderate to Intensive)   0.40
 Less than 15 days per month (n, %)60(51.3%)41(38.0%)101(44.9%)0.07
 15 days per month or above (n, %)57(48.7%)67(62.0%)124(55.1%)0.12