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Table 5 Baseline: Travel costs in warfarin therapy (2018 prices)

From: Modeling patients’ time, travel, and monitoring costs in anticoagulation management: societal savings achievable with the shift from warfarin to direct oral anticoagulants

Costs (EUR)Private Car (N = 2132)Taxi (N = 925)Bus (N = 358)Walking (N = 546)All Travel Modes (N = 3961)
Total annual cost285,790464,85053,20011,250815,090
 Direct travel costs235,260444,36036,370 715,990
 Time costs50,53020,49016,83011,25099,100
Average annual cost per patient13450314921206
Average monthly cost per patient114213217
Average cost of one journey92911214
Patient ageAverage annual cost (the cost of one journey in parentheses)
 Age < 63 years190 (15) 191 (16)52 (4)170 (13)
 Age ≥ 63 years129 (9)512 (29)141 (10)18 (1)208 (14)
Travel distanceAverage annual cost (the cost of one journey in parentheses)
 Distance < 5 km42 (3)310 (18)133 (10)21 (2)117 (8)
 Distance 5–10 km121 (8)701 (38)167 (12) 220 (15)
 Distance 10–20 km229 (16)870 (59)  362 (25)
 Distance ≥20 km395 (29)2006 (102)  662 (45)
INR measurementsAverage annual cost (the cost of one journey in parentheses)
 INR M. per year ≤633 (11)124 (36)32 (11)4 (1)44 (14)
 INR M. per year 7–1291 (9)277 (28)105 (11)15 (2)117 (12)
 INR M. per year 13–20152 (10)454 (28)172 (11)23 (1)214 (13)
 INR M. per year > 20246 (8)912 (30)324 (11)46 (2)427 (14)