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Table 1 Demographic characteristics, health service attributes and their distribution amongst women with cervical cancer

From: Health system constraints affecting treatment and care among women with cervical cancer in Harare, Zimbabwe

Participant typeCervical cancer patients [N = 134]
VariablesUntreated [n = 42] (%)Treated [n = 92] (%)
Age
 Mean (years)50.252.9
Area of residence
 Urban27 (64)47 (51)
 Rural15 (36)45 (49)
Method of payment for health services
 Medical aid (insurance)5 (12)22 (24)
 Out-of-pocket37 (88)70 (76)
Distance from nearest health facility (km)
 ≤ 1038 (90)76 (82)
 11–204 (10)8 (9)
 > 2008 (9)
Mode of transport to nearest health facility
 Walking28 (67)49 (53)
 Public transport13 (31)33 (36)
 Private car1 (2)9 (10)
 Motorcycle01 (1)
Time to travel to nearest health facility (minutes)
 ≤ 3032 (76)75 (82)
 31–607 (17)12 (13)
 > 603 (7)5 (5)
Distance from nearest cervical cancer screening health facility (km)
 ≤ 105 (12)30 (33)
 11–504 (10)18 (19)
 > 501 (2)7 (8)
 Don’t know32 (76)37 (40)
Mode of transport to nearest cervical cancer screening health facility
 Walking3 (7)12 (13)
 Public transport35 (83)70 (76)
 Private car3 (7)10 (11)
 Other1 (3)0
Time to travel to nearest screening health facility (minutes)
 ≤ 3015 (36)51 (45)
 31–6014 (33)25 (27)
 > 609 (22)10 (11)
 Don’t know4 (9)6 (7)
Access to Specialists
 Yes34 (81)73 (79)
 No8 (19)19 (21)
Frequency of being seen by Specialists in previous 6 months
 None17 (40)27 (29)
 Once or more25 (60)65 (71)
Access to a regular General Practitioner
 Yes8 (19)56 (61)
 No34 (81)36 (39)
Visits to health facility or doctor in previous 6 months
 None10 (24)4 (4)
 ≤ 10 times30 (71)55 (60)
 11–20 times2 (5)17 (19)
 > 20016 (17)
Challenges experienced in seeking treatment.
 Finances20 (48)45 (49)
 Transport22 (52)39 (42)
 Other08 (9)