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Table 3 Means, standard deviations, and percentage of positive response to items

From: Evaluation of safety attitudes of hospitals and the effects of demographic factors on safety attitudes: a psychometric validation of the safety attitudes and safety climate questionnaire

NOItemMeanSDPPR (%)
Total Scale4.020.5051.1
Teamwork Climate4.200.6171.0
 1Nurse input is well received in this clinical area.4.090.8978.4
 2In this clinical area, it is difficult to speak up if I perceive a problem with patient care.3.901.1371.8
 3Disagreements in this clinical area are resolved appropriately (i.e., not who is right, but what is best for the patient).4.270.8086.0
 4I have the support I need from other personnel to care for patients.4.180.8682.6
 5It is easy for personnel here to ask questions when there is something that they do not understand.4.340.7589.1
 6The physicians and nurses here work together as a well-coordinated team.4.410.7788.8
Safety Climate4.080.5861.4
 7I would feel safe being treated here as a patient.4.370.7688.8
 8Medical errors are handled appropriately in this clinical area.4.310.7587.8
 9I know the proper channels to direct questions regarding patient safety in this clinical area.4.000.9075.3
 10I receive appropriate feedback about my performance.4.050.8880.2
 11In this clinical area, it is difficult to discuss errors.3.681.2463.8
 12I am encouraged by my colleagues to report any patient safety concerns I may have.3.900.9270.9
 13The culture in this clinical area makes it easy to learn from the errors of others.4.210.7885.4
Job Satisfaction4.250.6774.0
 15I like my job.4.120.9078.5
 16Working here is like being part of a large family.4.330.7888.0
 17This is a good place to work.4.300.8186.2
 18I am proud to work in this clinical area.4.280.7985.0
 19Morale in this clinical area is high.4.210.8483.2
Stress Recognition2.791.0720.5
 20When my workload becomes excessive, my performance is impaired.2.791.2830.8
 21I am less effective at work when fatigued.2.701.2427.4
 22I am more likely to make errors in tense or hostile situations.2.851.2332.1
 23Fatigue impairs my performance during emergency situations (e.g. emergency resuscitation, seizure).2.821.2633.1
Perception of Management4.200.6171.7
 24.1Management supports my daily efforts: Unit Mgt4.240.8085.7
 24.2Management supports my daily efforts: Hosp Mgt4.120.8579.4
 25.1Management doesn’t knowingly compromise pt. safety: Unit Mgt4.340.7789.1
 25.2Management doesn’t knowingly compromise pt. safety: Hosp Mgt4.300.7887.5
 26.1Management is doing a good job: Unit Mgt4.320.7787.5
 26.2Management is doing a good job: Hosp Mgt4.220.8283.6
 27.1Problem personnel are dealt with constructively by our: Unit Mgt4.160.8182.8
 27.2Problem personnel are dealt with constructively by our: Hosp Mgt4.090.8480.0
 28.1I get adequate, timely info about events that might affect my work, from: Unit Mgt4.150.8182.0
 28.2I get adequate, timely info about events that might affect my work, from: Hosp Mgt4.070.8378.4
Work Conditions4.040.6662.4
 29The levels of staffing in this clinical area are sufficient to handle the number of patients.3.651.1261.6
 30This hospital does a good job of training new personnel.4.200.8183.7
 31All the necessary information for diagnostic and therapeutic decisions is routinely available to me.4.090.7979.0
 32Trainees in my discipline are adequately supervised.4.220.7486.5
Items not in subscales   
 14My suggestions about safety would be acted upon if I expressed them to management.3.950.9171.9
 33I experience good collaboration with nurses in this clinical area.4.340.7389.5
 34I experience good collaboration with staff physicians in this clinical area.4.340.7289.0
 35I experience good collaboration with pharmacists in this clinical area.4.150.8680.5
 36Communication breakdowns that lead to delays in delivery of care are common.3.711.3063.4
 37Administrators encourage the reporting of medical adverse events in this clinical area.3.801.0164.1
 38Managers prioritize safety training programs in this clinical areas.4.240.7983.4
  1. PPR means percentage of positive response. Items 2, 11, 20, 21, 22, 23, 36 are reverse scored. Items not classified in subscales (37 & 38) are from Lee’s study [24]