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Table 2 Description of councils selected for the qualitative study

From: Towards improved health service quality in Tanzania: contribution of a supportive supervision approach to increased quality of primary healthcare

Characteristics Rufiji DC Mvomero DC Iringa MC
Region Pwani Morogoro Iringa
Classification Rural Rural Urban
Population size [58] 217′274 312′109 151′345
Area (kmb)a 13′339 7′325 162
Number of operating health facilities [61]b 78 69 33
Accessibility Several hard-to-reach areas, including the Rufiji river delta Some hard-to-reach areas No hard-to-reach areas
Existence of pay for performance (P4P) schemes (20)c Pilot council for donor funded P4P scheme since 2011 with focus on maternal, newborn and child health services [62] Partially implemented locally funded P4P scheme between 2009 and 2011 with focus on maternal, newborn and child health services [63] No P4P experience
  1. aSource: Comprehensive Council Health Plans of participating councils collected by SR and IM bStatus October 2016 cResult-based financing scheme whereby financial incentives, which are tied to the achievement of service coverage and/or quality improvements, are provided to the healthcare provider