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Table 2 Determinants of doctor visits in the preceding 3 months. Results of Poisson regressions (first column: men; second column: women)

From: Are perceived bad working conditions and perceived workplace bullying associated with doctor visits? Results of the nationally representative German General Social Survey

  (1) (2)
Independent variables Doctor visits - Men Doctor visits - Women
Control variables
Noise, dust, gases, vapours, bad air: - yes, somewhat (Ref.: yes, strongly) 0.04 −0.08
(0.14) (0.15)
- no, not at all 0.07 − 0.08
(0.16) (0.15)
Time/performance pressure: - yes, somewhat (Ref.: yes, strongly) −0.16 − 0.20+
(0.10) (0.11)
- no, not at all 0.03 −0.50**
(0.15) (0.17)
Bad working atmosphere: - yes, somewhat (Ref.: yes, strongly) 0.36 −0.06
(0.26) (0.27)
- no, not at all 0.38 −0.20
(0.29) (0.29)
Overtime, long working hours: - yes, somewhat (Ref.: yes, strongly) 0.00 −0.16
(0.11) (0.19)
- no, not at all 0.07 −0.04
(0.12) (0.20)
Shifts or night work: - yes, somewhat (Ref.: yes, strongly) −0.08 − 0.14
(0.18) (0.22)
- no, not at all −0.07 0.04
(0.16) (0.16)
Hard physical labour: - yes, somewhat (Ref.: yes, strongly) −0.08 0.31+
(0.15) (0.18)
- no, not at all −0.00 0.47*
(0.17) (0.20)
Workplace bullying: - Sometimes (Ref.: often) −0.64* 0.36
(0.30) (0.25)
- Seldom −1.12*** 0.29
(0.29) (0.25)
- Never −1.04*** 0.28
(0.29) (0.25)
Constant 0.83* 1.75***
(0.41) (0.47)
Observations 1041 818
Pseudo R2 0.141 0.178
  1. All estimates include age, marital status, educational level, smoking status, BMI category, impairments (climb stairs; everyday tasks) and morbidity as potential confounders. Poisson coefficients were reported; cluster-robust standard errors in parentheses; *** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.01, * p < 0.05, + p < 0.10