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Table 1 Sample characteristics for the individuals included in Poisson regressions stratified by sex

From: Are perceived bad working conditions and perceived workplace bullying associated with doctor visits? Results of the nationally representative German General Social Survey

  Men (n = 1041) Women (n = 818)
Age: Mean (SD); Range 43.5 (12.4); 18–74 43.2 (11.5); 18–73
Married, living together with spouse/partner: N (%) 614 (59.0%) 446 (54.5%)
Education (ISCED-97): N (%)
 ° Basic education 7 (0.7%) 4 (0.5%)
 ° Lower secondary 62 (5.9%) 45 (5.5%)
 ° Upper secondary 468 (45.0%) 336 (41.1%)
 ° Post secondary 61 (5.9%) 99 (12.1%)
 ° Higher tertiary 419 (40.2%) 317 (38.7%)
 ° Upper tertiary 24 (2.3%) 17 (2.1%)
Weight category: N (%)
 ° Underweight 4 (0.4%) 25 (3.0%)
 ° Normal weight 401 (38.5%) 445 (54.4%)
 ° Overweight 447 (42.9%) 237 (29.0%)
 ° Obese 189 (18.2%) 111 (13.6%)
Currently smoking: N (%) 390 (37.5%) 224 (27.4%)
Number of chronic diseases: Mean (SD); Range 0.8 (1.0); 0–6 1.0 (1.2); 0–8
Working conditions
 Noise, dust, gases, vapours, bad air: N (%)
  ° yes, strongly 246 (23.6%) 107 (13.1%)
  ° yes, somewhat 293 (28.2%) 175 (21.4%)
  ° no, not at all 502 (48.2%) 536 (65.5%)
 Time/performance pressure: N (%)
 ° yes, strongly 423 (40.6%) 316 (38.6%)
 ° yes, somewhat 473 (45.5%) 369 (45.1%)
 °  no, not at all 145 (13.9%) 133 (16.3%)
 Bad working atmosphere: N (%)
  ° yes, strongly 45 (4.3%) 32 (3.9%)
  ° yes, somewhat 262 (25.2%) 206 (25.2%)
  ° no, not at all 734 (70.5%) 580 (70.9%)
 Overtime, long working hours: N (%)
  ° yes, strongly 246 (23.6%) 125 (15.3%)
  ° yes, somewhat 447 (43.0%) 373 (45.6%)
  ° no, not at all 348 (33.4%) 320 (39.1%)
 Shifts or night work: N (%)
  ° yes, strongly 129 (12.4%) 86 (10.5%)
  ° yes, somewhat 177 (17.0%) 67 (8.2%)
  ° no, not at all 735 (70.6%) 665 (81.3%)
 Hard physical labour: N (%)
  ° yes, strongly 159 (15.3%) 80 (9.8%)
  ° yes, somewhat 256 (25.6%) 168 (20.5%)
  ° no, not at all 626 (60.1%) 570 (69.7%)
 Workplace bullying: N (%)
  ° often 28 (2.7%) 34 (4.2%)
  ° sometimes 119 (11.4%) 97 (11.8%)
  ° seldom 299 (28.7%) 219 (26.8%)
  ° never 595 (57.2%) 468 (57.2%)
 Impairments: Climb stairs: N (%)
  ° Greatly affected 32 (3.1%) 36 (4.4%)
  ° Slightly affected 178 (17.1%) 179 (21.9%)
  ° Not at all affected 831 (79.8%) 603 (73.7%)
 Impairments: Everyday tasks: N (%)
  ° Greatly affected 56 (5.4%) 56 (6.8%)
  ° Slightly affected 247 (23.7%) 210 (25.7%)
  ° Not at all affected 738 (70.9%) 552 (67.5%)
Number of doctor visits: Mean (SD); Range; Proportion of individuals with no doctor visits 1.4 (2.3); 0–30; 38.1% 2.1 (3.7); 0–65; 29.2%
Reason for doctor visit (yes): Acute illness: N (%) 242 (37.6%) 209 (36.2%)
Reason for doctor visit (yes): Chronic illness: N (%) 120 (18.6%) 117 (20.2%)
Reason for doctor visit (yes): Felt unwell: N (%) 49 (7.6%) 57 (9.9%)
Reason for doctor visit (yes): Requesting advice: N (%) 72 (11.2%) 53 (9.2%)
Reason for doctor visit (yes): visit to the doctor’s office, but without consulting the doctor: N (%) 79 (12.3%) 89 (15.4%)
Reason for doctor visit (yes): preventive medical check-up/vaccination: N (%) 167 (25.9%) 209 (36.2%)
  1. The reason for doctor visit sum up to 644 (men) and 578 (women)