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Table 1 Descriptive statistics* for raters, patients and PIVC background n = 410

From: Monitoring quality of care for peripheral intravenous catheters; feasibility and reliability of the peripheral intravenous catheters mini questionnaire (PIVC-miniQ)

  Hospital A Hospital B Total
Raters
 Number of raters 10 54 64
 Nurse student 1 (10.0) 3 (5.6) 4 (6.3)
 Primary nurse 3 (30.0) 46 (85.2) 49 (76.6)
 Educator nurse 6 (60.0) 5 (9.3) 11 (17.1)
Patients
 Number of patients 32 145 177
 Patient Age, mean (SD) 70.7 (15.4) 63.1 (17.1) 64.9 (16.9)
 Patient Gender
  Female 22 (68.8) 66 (45.5) 88 (49.7)
  Male 10 (31.2) 79 (54.5) 89 (50.3)
PIVC
 Number of PIVCs 49 156 205
 Ward unit
  Medicine 27 (55.1) 56 (35.9) 83 (40.5)
  Surgery 22 (44.9) 100 (64.1) 122 (59.5)
PIVC indwell time (days) mean (SD), range 1.50 (1.1) 0–9 1.95 (1.6) 0–7 1.90 (1.6) 0–9
PIVC site
 Hand 18 (36.7) 34 (21.8) 52 (25.4)
 Wrist 13 (26.5) 21 (13.5) 34 (16.6)
 Forearm 10 (20.4) 41 (26.3) 51 (24.9)
 Antecubital fossa 8 (16.3) 57 (36.5) 65 (31.7)
 Foot 0 2 (1.3) 2 (0.9)
 Upper arm 0 1 (0.6) 1 (0.5)
PIVC size (gauge)
 22 G 9 (18.4) 31 (19.9) 40 (19.5)
 20 G 28 (57.1) 41 (26.3) 69 (33.7)
 18 G 11 (22.4) 82 (52.6) 93 (45.3)
 16 G 1 (2.0) 2 (1.2) 3 (1.5)
Insertion Environment
 Ambulance/ EMS 6 (12.2) 8 (5.9) 14 (6.8)
 Emergency department 21 (42.9) 34 (21.8) 55 (26.8)
 Operating theatre 4 (8.2) 45 (28.8) 49 (23.9)
 Hospital ward/unit/ICU 14 (28.6) 60 (38.5) 74 (36.1)
 Radiology/ procedure room 1 (2.0) 1 (0.6) 2 (1,0)
 Unknown 3 (6.1) 8 (5.1) 11 (5.4)
  1. *N (%) shown unless otherwise indicated
  2. Abbreviations: PIVC Peripheral Intravenous Catheter, G Gauge, EMS Emergency Medical Services
  3. ICU Intensive Care Unit