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Table 5 Multivariate regressions of antenatal care quality measures on various predictors, PQCC 2016/2017

From: Quality of antenatal care and associated factors in a rural county in Kenya: an assessment of service provision and experience dimensions

  Linear regression: Coefficient [95% CI] Logistic regression: OR [95% CI]
Experience score Service provision score Received an ultrasound
Age
15 to 19 years 0 [0 0] 0 [0 0] 1 [1 1]
20 to 29 years 1.72* [0.088 3.35] 0.47 [-0.0069 0.96] 2.17* [1.06 4.45]
30 to 48 years 1.78 [-0.35 3.91] 0.67* [0.034 1.30] 2.92* [1.21 7.04]
Currently married 2.94 [-4.57 10.5] 1.39 [-0.81 3.59] 0.55 [0.043 6.91]
Number of births
1 0 [0 0] 0 [0 0] 1 [1 1]
2 -0.84 [-2.45 0.77] -0.015 [-0.49 0.46] 1.26 [0.72 2.22]
3 -0.67 [-2.41 1.08] -0.36 [-0.88 0.16] 0.52 [0.26 1.03]
4 or more -0.88 [-2.74 0.99] -0.71* [-1.26 -0.16] 0.86 [0.43 1.72]
Tribe
Luo 0 [0 0] 0 [0 0] 1 [1 1]
Kuria 4.97*** [3.70 6.25] 0.89*** [0.52 1.27] 0.37** [0.20 0.69]
Other 1.57 [-0.16 3.31] -0.068 [-0.59 0.45] 1.3 [0.70 2.41]
Literate 1.52* [0.26 2.79] 0.22 [-0.16 0.60] 1.35 [0.76 2.38]
Employed 2.73*** [1.46 4.00] 0.56** [0.19 0.93] 1.01 [0.64 1.59]
Participation in household decisions 1.24* [0.14 2.34] -0.16 [-0.49 0.17] 1.77* [1.14 2.75]
Household wealth
Poorest/poorer 0 [0 0] 0 [0 0] 1 [1 1]
Middle 0.99 [-0.49 2.47] 0.27 [-0.17 0.71] 1.03 [0.53 2.02]
Richer/richest 0.7 [-0.64 2.04] 0.13 [-0.27 0.53] 2.00** [1.20 3.33]
Partner’s education
No school/Primary 0 [0 0] 0 [0 0] 1 [1 1]
Post-primary/vocational/Secondary 0.16 [-1.21 1.52] -0.062 [-0.47 0.35] 0.92 [0.52 1.64]
College or above -0.46 [-2.27 1.36] 0.39 [-0.15 0.93] 2.40** [1.29 4.46]
No Partner 1.42 [-6.20 9.03] 1.53 [-0.71 3.76] 0.94 [0.072 12.4]
Experienced domestic violence -2.42*** [-3.51 -1.33] -0.83*** [-1.15 -0.51] 0.91 [0.60 1.36]
Had severe complications 0.91 [-0.19 2.02] -0.24 [-0.56 0.088] 1.19 [0.77 1.85]
Timing of first antenatal visit
First trimester 0 [0 0] 0 [0 0] 1 [1 1]
Second trimester -0.17 [-1.32 0.98] 0.16 [-0.19 0.50] 1.18 [0.76 1.81]
Third Trimester -2.21* [-4.28 -0.15] -0.75* [-1.36 -0.13] 0.82 [0.35 1.93]
Four plus antenatal visits 0.34 [-0.81 1.49] 0.38* [0.033 0.72] 1.1 [0.70 1.74]
Highest ANC facility
Gov’t Hospital 0 [0 0] 0 [0 0] 1 [1 1]
Gov’t HC/Dispensary 1.99*** [0.84 3.14] -0.085 [-0.43 0.25] 0.33*** [0.21 0.52]
Mission/Private facility 3.28*** [1.48 5.09] 0.48 [-0.050 1.01] 1.31 [0.76 2.24]
Interviews in the community -2.41*** [-3.44 -1.38] -0.55*** [-0.86 -0.24] 1.08 [0.73 1.61]
Constant 20.9*** [13.1 28.6] 9.38*** [7.11 11.7] 0.08 [0.0056 1.16]
N 909    882    993   
R-squared 0.179    0.172      
  1. 95% confidence intervals in brackets * p<0.05 ** p<0.01 *** p<0.001