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Table 2 Cox regression model to determine factors associated with LTFU, Wakiso district, Central Uganda cohort, January 2015–December 2017

From: Loss to follow-up and associated factors among adult people living with HIV at public health facilities in Wakiso district, Uganda: a retrospective cohort study

  Univariate   Multivariate
Characteristic HR 95%CI P-value   aHR 95%CI P-value
Sex
 Male Ref*       
 Female 1.28 1.03–1.59 0.028     
Age 0.96 0.95–0.98 <0.001   0.98 0.95–1.01 0.116
Age#time 0.99 0.98–1.00 <0.001   0.99 0.98–1.00 0.032
Marital status
 Never married Ref*       
 Married 0.97 0.69–1.36 0.857     
 Living together 0.91 0.40–2.10 0.830     
 Divorced/Separated 0.70 0.30–1.63 0.405     
 Widowed 1.37 0.66–2.87 0.399     
BMI
 Under weight Ref*     Ref*   
 Normal weight 0.68 0.48–0.96 0.027   0.64 0.45–0.90 0.011
 Over weight 1.01 0.55–1.87 0.965   0.90 0.43–1.91 0.789
 Obese 1.18 0.59–2.33 0.644   0.99 0.52–1.88 0.981
Telephone contact
 Yes Ref*     Ref*   
 No 2.15 1.59–2.90 <0.001   2.16 1.33–3.51 0.002
CD4 count
 Less than 500c/ml Ref*       
 500c/ml and above 1.29 0.85–1.94 0.228     
WHO clinical stage
 I Ref*       
 II 0.94 0.65–1.36 0.733     
 III 1.07 0.72–1.60 0.741     
 IV 0.62 0.31–1.25 0.181     
Health facility level
 HC III Ref*     Ref*   
 HC IV 0.77 0.53–1.12 0.166   0.58 0.28–1.23 0.156
 Hospital 0.51 0.39–0.68 <0.001   0.22 0.12–0.41 <0.001
Hospital#time 0.95 0.94–0.96 <0.001   0.97 0.94–0.98 0.001
Care entry
 Others* Ref*       
 Out patient 1.03 0.67–1.60 0.879     
 eMTCT 1.24 0.63–2.46 0.535     
  1. HR- Hazard Ratio; aHR- Adjusted Hazard Ratio; Ref*-Reference category; Others*- Inpatient, Outreach, STI, TB & Transfer-In; #- Interaction