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Table 2 Healthcare administrators’ knowledge, perceptions and attitudes regarding cardiac rehabilitation, N = 32

From: Barriers to cardiac rehabilitation delivery in a low-resource setting from the perspective of healthcare administrators, rehabilitation providers, and cardiac patients

Item mean ± SD
KNOWLEDGEa
 My knowledge of what CR entails 2.75 ± 1.34
 Rates of participation in CR at the institution where I am employed 2.09 ± 1.11
 The location of the nearest CR program 2.00 ± 1.29
 Level of knowledge about CR of my colleagues 1.71 ± 0.85
PERCEPTIONSb
 The importance of CR for outpatient care 4.37 ± 0.55
 The role of CR access programs in reducing patient length of stay 4.18 ± 0.64
 The role of CR programs in reducing re-admissions 4.15 ± 0.76
 The importance of care of patients with other vascular conditions in CR 4.00 ± 0.76
 Perceptions of your institution about the importance of CR 3.81 ± 0.85
ATTITUDESc
 CR programs provide benefits beyond what primary care providers can offer 4.28 ± 0.72
 CR programs promote sustainedbehavioral changes that improve patient outcomes 4.09 ± 0.92
 It is likely that government funding for CR programs will be sustained over time 4.06 ± 0.80
 It is the hospital’s responsibility to provide all eligible inpatients with the information they need to begin CR 3.87 ± 1.00
 The government should provide more funding for CR 3.87 ± 0.65
 Government ministry funding models are a financial disincentive to CR provisiond 3.68 ± 1.09
 Patients and their families should be responsible for their own health behavior changes and risk reduction self-management posthospitalizationd 3.46 ± 1.31
 We do not have enough space to run a CR program at my institutiond 3.40 ± 1.26
 The closest available CR program is of good quality 3.15 ± 0.84
 CR services are generally one of the first programs to be cut back when we make budget reductionsd 2.65 ± 1.00
 Scarce healthcare money should not be spent on outpatient care at the expense of acute cared 2.25 ± 1.13
 Health care providers on the cardiac floor have other more important clinical duties than to refer patients to CRd 1.90 ± 0.77
 I am skeptical about the benefits of CR programsd 1.84 ± 0.76
 Government health insurance should not cover CR services for cardiac patients post-hospitalizationd 1.56 ± 0.50
  1. CR cardiac rehabilitation, SD standard deviation
  2. a: Items were scored on a scale from 1 “poor” to 5 “excellent”
  3. b: Items were scored on a scale from 1 “not even considered” to 5 “extremely important”
  4. c: Items were scores on a scale from 1 “strongly disagree” to 5 “strongly agree”
  5. d: These items were displayed in reverse-scored