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Table 1 General characteristics of the study participants

From: Type 2 diabetes mellitus in Bangladesh: a prevalence based cost-of-illness study

Variables n (%)
(n = 1253)
Gender
 Male 681(54.4)
 Female 572 (45.6)
Age (mean ± SD) 55.1 ± 12.5
  ≤ 40 176 (14.05)
 41–60 669 (53.39)
 61–80 380 (30.33)
  ≥ 80 28 (2.23)
Education
 Illiterate 161 (12.8)
 Primary 239 (19.1)
 Secondary 566 (45.2)
 Tertiary 287 (22.9)
Work status
 Unemployed 36 (32.8)
 Employed 411 (40.5)
 Housewives 508 (23.8)
 Retired 298 (2.9)
Area of residence
 Rural 174 (13.9)
 Semi-urban 162 (12.9)
 Urban 917 (73.2)
Monthly household income (US$)
  ≤ 250 447 (35.7)
 251–750 497 (39.7)
 751 and above 309 (24.6)
Duration of diabetes (in year)
  ≤ 5 360 (28.8)
 6–10 348 (27.7)
  ≥ 11 545 (43.5)
Mode of treatment
 OHA 432 (34.5)
 Insulin 87 (6.9)
 Insulin + OHA 734 (58.6)
Family history of diabetes 734 (58.7)
 Yes 433 (34.6)
 No 820 (65.4)
HbA1c (%)
 Good (≤6.9) 182 (18.2)
 Fair (7–7.9) 198 (19.8)
 Poor (≥8) 621 (62.0)
Number of complicationa
 None 458 (36.6)
 One or two 613 (48.9)
 Three or more 182 (14.5)
History of co-morbidity
 None 296 (23.6)
 Hypertension 524 (41.8)
 Dyslipidaemia 151 (12.0)
 Hypertension + dyslipidaemia 283 (22.6)
  1. OHA Oral hypoglycaemic agent
  2. aComplications include coronary artery disease, stroke, diabetic foot, nephropathy, retinopathy and neuropathy