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Table 3 Factors associated with self-reported HCW segregation practice among healthcare workers in Bale zone hospitals, Southeast Ethiopia 2018

From: Self-reported healthcare waste segregation practice and its correlate among healthcare workers in hospitals of Southeast Ethiopia

Variables HCW segregation practice Crude
OR (95% CI)
Adjusted
OR (95% CI)
Good (n = 220) Poor (n = 189)
Sex
 Male 122 88 1.43 (0.97–2.11) 1.70 (1.04–2.78)**
 Female 98 101 1 1
Age
 <30 170 123 1.82 (1.18–2.81)* 2.02 (1.06–3.84)**
 ≥30 50 66 1 1
Year of service
 <2 years 67 49 1.53 (0.95–2.46) 2.95 (1.39–6.26)**
 2–5 years 70 47 1.67 (1.03–2.68)* 1.76 (0.91–3.43)
 >5 years 83 93 1 1
Hospital type
 Referral 74 85 1  
 General 124 94 1.51 (1.01–2.29)*  
 Primary 22 10 2.53 (1.12–5.68)*  
Current working department
 Internal medicine and surgical 62 62 1  
 Pediatrics ward and NICU 25 31 0.81 (0.43–1.52)  
 Obstetrics and Gynecology 58 61 0.95 (0.58–1.57)  
 The emergency unit, OPD, Laboratory, and others* 75 35 2.14 (1.26–3.65)*  
Profession
 Nurses and midwives 135 119 1 1
 Physicians and health officers 22 35 0.55 (0.31–0.99)* 0.45 (0.21–0.98)**
 Laboratory technicians and technologist 63 35 1.59 (0.98–2.56) 2.80 (1.49–5.26)**
Educational status
 First degree and above 128 100 1  
 Diploma 92 89 0.81 (0.55–1.19)  
Presence of guideline, SOP or instructive poster on HCW segregation
 Yes 129 108 1.29 (0.86–1.94)  
 No 91 81 1  
Ever taking training in HCWM methods
 Yes 37 16 2.19 (1.17–4.07)* 1.96 (0.95–4.05)
 No 183 173 1 1
Awareness on HCW segregation
 Yes 155 111 1.68 (1.11–2.52)*  
 No 65 78 1  
Awareness of the different categories of HCW
 Yes 162 160 1.97 (1.20–3.25)*  
 No 58 29 1  
Standard precaution practice
 Good 155 60 5.13 (3.36–7.82)* 8.47 (4.98–14.42)**
 Poor 65 129 1 1
Presence of on-site HCW segregation containers
 Yes 156 111 1.71 (1.34–2.58)* 2.10 (1.24–3.55)**
 No 64 78 1 1
Attitude towards waste segregation
 Favorable 137 112 1.14 (0.76–1.69)  
 Unfavorable 83 77 1  
  1. * p < 0.05 crude; ** p < 0.05 adjusted; OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval