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Table 2 Determinants of dental visits

From: Prevalence and determinants of dental visits among older adults: findings of a nationally representative longitudinal study

  Outcome measure: Frequency of dental visits in the preceding 12 months
Independent Variables Total sample Men Women
Age −0.01*** −0.01 − 0.02***
  (0.00) (0.01) (0.01)
Marital status (Reference category: Married, living together with spouse): Other (Singles; Widowed; Divorced; Married, living separated from spouse) 0.14+ −0.01 0.28**
  (0.08) (0.13) (0.11)
Employment status (Reference category: Employed): - Retired −0.07 −0.11 − 0.05
  (0.05) (0.08) (0.08)
- Other: not employed −0.03 0.06 −0.08
  (0.05) (0.08) (0.07)
Weight categories (Reference category: Normal weight): - Underweight −0.30 − 0.04 − 0.36
  (0.31) (0.46) (0.38)
- Overweight −0.09* −0.12+ − 0.06
  (0.05) (0.07) (0.06)
- Obesity −0.08 −0.17 0.01
  (0.08) (0.11) (0.11)
Number of physical illnesses 0.03* 0.03* 0.03
  (0.01) (0.02) (0.02)
Self-rated health (1 = very good to 5 = very bad) −0.02 −0.00 − 0.03
  (0.02) (0.03) (0.03)
Presence of depression (Reference category: Absence of depression) (CES-D ≥ 18) −0.08 −0.09 − 0.09
  (0.06) (0.09) (0.07)
Loneliness (1 = low loneliness scores to 4 = high loneliness scores) −0.04 −0.05 − 0.02
  (0.04) (0.05) (0.05)
Observations 7299 3705 3594
Individuals 3331 1688 1643
  1. Results of Poisson FE regressions
  2. Beta coefficients were reported; cluster robust standard errors in parentheses; *** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.01, * p < 0.05, + p < 0.10; Underweight: BMI < 18.5 kg/m2, normal weight: 18.5 kg/m2 ≤ BMI < 25 kg/m2, overweight: 25 kg/m2 ≤ BMI < 30 kg/m2), and obese: BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2; CES-D = Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale; Loneliness was quantified using the short version of the 11-item De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale