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Table 4 General knowledge of HBV (natural history and epidemiology) among healthcare workers participating in the quantitative component of the survey (n = 87)

From: Prevention and care of hepatitis B in the rural region of Fatick in Senegal: a healthcare workers’ perspective using a mixed methods approach

Variables (% of missing data) Total HCW mainly involved in prenatal care activities (Group 1) HCW involved exclusively in vaccination activities (Group 2) p-valuea
(N = 87) (N = 47, 54%) (N = 40, 46%)
N (%)
What kind of infectious agent causes hepatitis B? (1%)
Correct answer 70 (81) 40 (87) 30 (75)  
Incorrect answer 16 (19) 6 (13) 10 (25) 0.15
What organ is affected by HBV? (8%)
Correct answer 75 (94) 43 (98) 32 (89)  
Incorrect answer 5 (6) 1 (2) 4 (11) 0.12
What complications can be caused by hepatitis B?
 Liver cancer
Correct answer 74 (85) 43 (91) 31 (78) 0.07
Incorrect answer 13 (15) 4 (9) 9 (22)  
 Cirrhosis (1%)
Correct answer 69 (80) 40 (87) 29 (72)  
Incorrect answer 17 (20) 6 (13) 11 (28) 0.09
What are the modes of HBV transmission?
 Dust (5%)
Correct answer 68 (82) 37 (80) 31 (84) 0.69
Incorrect answer 15 (18) 9 (20) 6 (16)
 Contaminated water (1%)
Correct answer 61 (71) 34 (72) 27 (69) 0.75
Incorrect answer 25 (29) 13 (28) 12 (31)
 Perinatal transmission
Correct answer 76 (87) 41 (87) 35 (87) 0.65
Incorrect answer 11 (13) 6 (13) 5 (13)
 Breastfeeding (1%)
Correct answer 41 (48) 22 (47) 19 (49) 0.86
Incorrect answer 45 (52) 25 (53) 20 (51)
 Horizontal transmission
Correct answer 67 (77) 40 (85) 27 (67) 0.05
Incorrect answer 20 (23) 7 (15) 13 (33)
Percutaneous transmission or transmission through mucosae (2%)
Correct answer 37 (44) 25 (53) 12 (32) 0.05
Incorrect answer 48 (56) 22 (47) 26 (68)
 Sexual transmission
Correct answer 52 (60) 31 (66) 21 (52) 0.20
Incorrect answer 35 (40) 16 (34) 19 (48)
Is perinatal transmission (from mother-to-child) one of the main modes of transmission in Senegal? (1%)
Correct answer 44 (51) 28 (60) 16 (41)  
Incorrect answer 42 (49) 19 (40) 23 (59) 0.09
Are people infected by HBV during childhood (< 1 year) going to develop chronic infection? (2%)
Correct answer 19 (24) 13 (29) 6 (15)  
 Incorrect answer 66 (76) 32 (71) 34 (85) 0.12
  1. HCW Healthcare workers, HBV hepatitis B virus
  2. a Chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test