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Table 2 Multivariable analysis of predictors of patients lost to follow-up

From: Predictors of loss to follow up among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus attending a private not for profit urban diabetes clinic in Uganda – a descriptive retrospective study

Variable Name Category LTFU
N = 1690
n (col%)
uHR 95%CI P-value aHR 95%CI P-value
Socio-demographic Characteristics
 Sex
  Female 712 (42) Reference    
Male 978 (58) 1.27 (1.15–1.40) < 0.001 1.17 (1.06–1.30) 0.002
 Age group
  19–44 439 (26) Reference    
45–64 831 (49) 0.73 (0.65–0.83) < 0.001 0.83 (0.74–0.94) 0.003
Above 64 420 (25) 0.63 (0.55–0.72) < 0.001 0.78 (0.67–0.90) 0.001
 Socioeconomic statu
  Lower 408 (24) Reference    
Middle 771 (46) 0.88 (0.78–0.99) 0.041 0.83 (0.74–0.94) 0.003
Upper 511 (30) 0.88 (0.77–0.99) 0.046 0.83 (0.73–0.95) 0.006
Life Style Characterisitcs
 Smoking
  No 1509 (89) Reference    
Yes 181 (11) 1.26 (1.08–1.47) 0.003 1.22 (1.04–1.44) 0.016
DM Treatment characteristics
 Lifestyle and monotherapy
  No 1254 (74) Reference    
Yes 436 (26) 1.34 (1.20–1.49) < 0.001 1.02 (0.86–1.22) 0.808
 Lifestyle & dual therapy
  No 740 (44) Reference    
Yes 950 (56) 0.81 (0.74–0.90) < 0.001 0.79 (0.67–0.94) 0.006
 Lifestyle & triple therapy
  No 1557 (92) Reference    
Yes 133 (8) 0.79 (0.66–0.95) 0.01 0.77 (0.61–0.97) 0.028
DM Complications and comorbidities
 Hypertension
  No 593 (35) Reference    
Yes 1097 (65) 0.71 (0.65–0.79) < 0.001 0.90 (0.81–1.01) 0.07
 Neuropathy
  No 1141 (68) Reference    
Yes 549 (32) 0.64 (0.57–0.70) < 0.001 0.72 (0.65–0.81) < 0.001
 Nephropathy
  No 1605 (95) Reference    
Yes 85 (5) 0.54 (0.43–0.67) < 0.001 0.57 (0.45–0.71) < 0.001
 Retinopathy
  No 1394 (82) Reference    
Yes 296 (18) 0.70 (0.62–0.80) < 0.001 0.89 (0.78–1.02) 0.101
 Macroangiopathy
  No 1654 (98) Reference    
Yes 36 (2) 0.75 (0.54–1.05) 0.093 0.91 (0.65–1.27) 0.579
 Diabetic foot
  No 1604 (95) Reference    
Yes 86 (5) 0.68 (0.55–0.85) 0.001 0.82 (0.65–1.02) 0.072
 Hypoglycaemia
  No 1651 (98) Reference    
Yes 39 (2) 0.74 (0.54–1.01) 0.061 0.79 (0.58–1.09) 0.157
  1. Boldface means significant at P-value < 0.05 for Tables 1 & 2