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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients retained and LTFU in a retrospective chart review study of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

From: Predictors of loss to follow up among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus attending a private not for profit urban diabetes clinic in Uganda – a descriptive retrospective study

Variable Name Category Retained N (col %) 128 (7%) LTFU N (col %) 1690 (93%) Chi-Square P-value
Socio-demographic characteristics
Sex     0.016
Female 88 (69) 978 (58)  
Male 40 (31) 712 (42)  
Median age (IQR) (years) Age 60 (50–68) 53 (44–64) < 0.001
Age group (years)     0.001
19–44 15 (12) 439 (26)  
45–64 68 (53) 831 (49)  
Above 64 45 (35) 420 (25)  
Residence     0.966
Rural 14 (11) 193 (12)  
Peri-urban 33 (26) 422 (24)  
Urban 81 (63) 1075 (64)  
Education level     0.23
<=Primary Education 50 (39) 753 (45)  
Secondary 53 (41) 574 (34)  
Post-Secondary 25 (20) 363 (21)  
Socioeconomic status     0.107
Lower 22 (17) 408 (24)  
Middle 58 (45) 771 (46)  
Upper 48 (38) 511 (30)  
Life style characteristics
Smoking     0.19
No 119 (93) 1509 (89)  
Yes 9 (7) 181 (11)  
Alcohol     0.646
No 93 (73) 431 (26)  
Yes 35 (27) 1259 (74)  
DM treatment characteristics
Life style alone     0.176
No 127 (99) 1637 (97)  
Yes 1 (1) 53 (3)  
Lifestyle and monotherapy     0.03
No 106 (83) 1254 (74)  
Yes 22 (17) 436 (26)  
Lifestyle and dual therapy     0.006
No 40 (31) 740 (44)  
Yes 88 (69) 950 (56)  
Lifestyle and triple therapy     0.359
No 115 (90) 1557 (92)  
Yes 13 (10) 133 (8)  
Lifestyle and combination injection therapy     0.037
No 122 (95) 1514 (90)  
Yes 6 (5) 176 (10)  
DM complications and comorbidities
Neuropathy     < 0.001
No 54 (42) 1141 (68  
Yes 74 (58) 549 (32))  
Nephropathy     0.005
No 114 (89) 1605 (95)  
Yes 14 (11) 85 (5)  
Retinopathy     0.01
No 94 (73) 1394 (82)  
Yes 34 (27) 296 (18)  
Macroangiopathy     0.003
No 120 (94) 1654 (98)  
Yes 8 (6) 36 (2)  
Diabetic foot     0.038
No 116 (91) 1604 (95)  
Yes 12 (9) 86 (5)  
Hypoglycaemia     0.095
No 122 (95) 1651 (98)  
Yes 6 (5) 39 (2)  
Hypertension     0.001
No 26 (20) 593 (35)  
Yes 102 (80) 1097 (65)  
Erectile dysfunctiona     < 0.001
No 23 (57) 576 (81)  
Yes 17 (43) 136 (19)  
Fasting plasma glucose (Mmol/l)     0.955
Controlled glycaemia 35 (27) 466 (28)  
Hyperglycaemia 93 (73) 1224 (72)  
  1. DM - Diabetes mellitus, aErectile dysfunction - (Not Applicable for 1066 females). Boldface means significant at P-value < 0.05 for Tables 1 & 2