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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of diabetes patients stratified by trajectory groups

From: Variation in the 11-year trajectories of medical care seeking behaviors in diabetes patients under a single payer system: persisting gaps to be filled

  Persist irregular use Generalized to irregular use Irregular use to generalized Persist generalized Generalized to specialized Specialized to generalized Persist specialized P *
n (%) Male gender (%) 1044 (26.19) 555 (53.16) 532 (13.34) 313 (58.95) 360 (9.03) 205 (56.94) 1157 (29.02) 565 (48.83) 351 (8.80) 179 (51.00) 213 (5.34) 115 (53.99) 330 (8.28) 166 (50.30) 0.0686
Mean age (years, SD) 61.11 (16.43) 64.03 (13.70) 55.23 (12.60) 57.48 (11.65) 55.03 (10.85) 61.54 (12.24) 57.56 (10.65) < 0.0001
Age (years, %)
 20–49 278 (26.63) 93 (17.51) 138 (38.33) 320 (27.66) 112 (31.91) 37 (17.37) 74 (22.42) < 0.0001
 50–64 272 (26.05) 146 (27.50) 124 (34.44) 493 (42.61) 162 (46.15) 79 (37.09) 161 (48.79)
 65–74 250 (23.95) 165 (31.07) 77 (21.39) 265 (22.90) 70 (19.94) 63 (29.58) 81 (24.55)
  > =75 244 (23.37) 127 (23.92) 21 (5.83) 79 (6.83) 7 (1.99) 34 (15.96) 14 (4.24)
Mean insurance amount (NT$, SD) 14,623.96 (14,591.62) 12,966.04 (11,927.05) 15,523.42 (15,645.09) 15,010.48 (12,525.98) 17,004.99 (15,070.60) 15,534.37 (15,209.53) 16,269.37 (15,253.73) 0.0008
Socioeconomic status (%)
  < NT$20000 393 (37.64) 214 (40.30) 167 (46.39) 553 (47.80) 183 (52.14) 91 (42.72) 156 (47.27) < 0.0001
 NT$20000 ~ NT$39999 121 (11.59) 46 (8.66) 41 (11.39) 140 (12.10) 55 (15.67) 27 (12.68) 48 (14.55)
NT$40000 64 (6.13) 19 (3.58) 28 (7.78) 48 (4.15) 32 (9.12) 21 (9.86) 27 (8.18)
 Union/association members 242 (23.18) 144 (27.12) 67 (18.61) 287 (24.81) 45 (12.82) 41 (19.25) 51 (15.45)
 Local government enrollees 224 (21.46) 108 (20.34) 57 (15.83) 129 (11.15) 36 (10.26) 33 (15.49) 48 (14.55)
Urbanization of residence (%)
 Rural 119 (11.55) 71 (13.47) 30 (8.45) 151 (13.25) 27 (7.71) 18 (8.65) 18 (5.47) 0.0041
 Sub-urban 361 (35.05) 196 (37.19) 138 (38.87) 445 (39.04) 98 (28.00) 66 (31.73) 114 (34.65)
 Urban 550 (53.40) 260 (49.34) 187 (52.68) 544 (47.72) 225 (64.29) 124 (59.62) 197 (59.88)
 Mean DCSI score (SD) 0.23 (0.65) 0.3 (0.69) 0.15 (0.45) 0.17 (0.47) 0.14 (0.44) 0.39 (0.73) 0.21 (0.53) < 0.0001
Proportions of subgroups of DCSI (n, %)
 Low severity (DCSI = 0) 907 (86.88) 435 (81.77) 319 (88.61) 1013 (87.55) 312 (88.89) 156 (73.24) 277 (83.94) 0.3994
 Moderate severity (DCSI = 1) 45 (4.31) 44 (8.27) 28 (7.78) 98 (8.47) 30 (8.55) 33 (15.49) 37 (11.21)
 High severity (DCSI≥2) 92 (8.81) 53 (9.96) 13 (3.61) 46 (3.98) 9 (2.56) 24 (11.27) 16 (4.85)
  1. Data are means ± SD or n (%).*Comparison across all seven groups. DCSI, diabetes complications severity index. NT$, New Taiwan dollar