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Table 3 Rate Ratios for outcomes: Multivariate multilevel adjusted pooled analysis, at six months follow-up, by outcomes and sub-group. Negative Binomial regression for health care utilisation outcomes and Cox regression for mortality. The Patient-Centred Team (PACT)-study, Norway 2014–16

From: Person-centred, integrated and pro-active care for multi-morbid elderly with advanced care needs: a propensity score-matched controlled trial

Outcome Population sub-groups N RR p 95% CI
Lower Upper
Count, Emergency Admissions after index episode All, adjusted 1218 0.95 < 0.001 0.94 0.96
Only controls surviving Lead days (1) 1195 0.95 0.024 0.91 0.99
Only PACT patients with index emergency hospitalizations (2) 856 0.90 0.018 0.82 0.98
Combination of 1 and 2 838 0.90 0.033 0.82 0.99
Sum, Emergency Bed days (including index episode bed days) Only PACT patients with index emergency hospitalizations (2) 856 0.62 < 0.001 0.49 0.77
Combination of 1 and 2 838 0.68 0.005 0.52 0.89
Count, emergency readmissions within 30 days of discharge, after index episode All, adjusted 1218 0.64 < 0.001 0.52 0.78
Only controls surviving Lead days(2) 1195 0.63 < 0.001 0.51 0.79
Only PACT patients with index emergency hospitalizations (2) 856 0.71 0.213 0.41 1.22
Combination of 1 and 2 838 0.72 0.231 0.41 1.24
Count, Planned outpatient visits All, adjusted 1218 2.40 < 0.001 2.21 2.61
Only controls surviving Lead days(1) 1195 2.41 < 0.001 2.22 2.62
Only PACT patients with index emergency hospitalizations (2) 856 2.26 < 0.001 2.01 2.54
Combination of 1 and 2 838 2.27 < 0.001 2.02 2.55
Count, Emergency Outpatient visits All, adjusted 1218 0.82 0.001 0.73 0.92
Only controls surviving Lead days(1) 1195 0.82 < 0.001 0.76 0.88
Only PACT patients with index emergency hospitalizations (2) 856 0.89 0.408 0.67 1.18
Combination of 1 and 2 838 0.90 0.464 0.68 1.20
Mortality 0–3 months All, adjusted 1218 0.38 < 0.001 0.24 0.60
Only controls surviving Lead days(1) 1195 0.46 0.001 0.28 0.73
Only PACT patients with index emergency hospitalizations (2) 856 0.32 < 0.001 0.19 0.55
Combination of 1 and 2 838 0.39 0.001 0.22 0.70
Mortality 0–6 months All, adjusted 1218 0.53 0.001 0.37 0.77
Only controls surviving Lead days(1) 1195 0.60 0.010 0.41 0.89
Only PACT patients with index emergency hospitalizations (2) 856 0.48 0.003 0.30 0.78
Combination of 1 and 2 838 0.57 0.028 0.34 0.94
  1. Abbreviations: N Number of patients, RR Rate Ratio (Rate Interv /Rate Control), p probability, 95% CI 95% confidence interval
  2. Sub-group analyses: (1) Only controls surviving Lead days: Controls who survived the intervention group’s median lead days in the hospital. Excluded: Controls who died during the first 4-5 days and their matches. (2) Only intervention patients with an index emergency hospital episode. Excluded: Intervention patients with index episode in the municipality or planned hospitalisation and their matches
  3. Final model adjustment variables: Emergency admissions: Fixed effect: Count of emergency admissions last year, Site. Random effect: site, triplet-stratum ID.
  4. Final model adjustment variables: Sum emergency inpatient days: Fixed effect: Quintile of lead days, Sum emergency bed days last year, Site. Random effect: site, triplet-stratum ID
  5. Final model adjustment variables: Count 30-day Readmissions: Fixed effect: Quintile of lead days, Count re-admissions last year, Site. Random effect: site, triplet-stratum ID.
  6. Final model adjustment variables: Planned outpatient visits: Fixed effect: Count planned outpatient visits last year, Site. Random effect: site, triplet-stratum ID
  7. Final model adjustment variables: Emergency outpatient visits: Fixed effect: Quintile lead days, Count emergency outpatient visits last year, Site. Random effect: site, triplet-stratum ID
  8. Final model adjustment variables: Mortality 0-3 months: Fixed effects: Quintile lead days, Age, Elixhauser score, Site. Random effect: site, triplet-stratum ID
  9. Final model adjustment variables: Mortality 0-6 months: Fixed effects: Quintile lead days, Count readmission last year, Age, Elixhauser score, Site. Random effect: site, triplet-stratum ID