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Table 2 Pathways to sexual health clinics by ethnic group and gender, among those reporting symptoms

From: Pathways to, and use of, sexual healthcare among Black Caribbean sexual health clinic attendees in England: evidence from cross-sectional bio-behavioural surveys

  Women (WBI women as reference category) Men (WBI men as reference category) Comparisons by gender
Black Caribbean % White British/Irish % OR (95% CI), p AORa (95% CI), p Black Caribbean % White British/Irish % OR (95% CI), p AORb (95% CI), p Among BC attendees (BC women as reference category) Among WBI attendees (WBI women as ref. category)
OR (95% CI), p AORc (95% CI), p OR (95% CI), p AORd (95% CI), p
Denominator 169 296    81 267       
Time since symptoms started    p = 0.392 p = 0.372    p = 0.287 p = 0.337 p = 0.295 p = 0.657 p = 0.584 p = 0.813
  > 7 days ago 63.1% 67.2% 55.6% 65.4%
  ≤ 7 days 36.9% 32.8% 1.20 (0.77–1.86) 1.21 (0.78–1.86) 44.4% 34.6% 1.51 (0.68–3.38) 1.51 (0.62–3.66) 1.37 (0.74–2.53) 1.25 (0.43–3.61) 1.09
(0.80–1.48)
0.94 (0.54–1.63)
Sought treatment/ advice for symptoms elsewhere, before attending study clinic 35.1% 45.2% p = 0.099
0.66
(0.39–1.09)
p = 0.039
0.60
(0.38–0.97)
30.0% 35.3% p = 0.309
0.78
(0.48–1.28)
p = 0.279
0.75
(0.43–1.30)
p = 0.257
0.79
(0.52–1.21)
p = 0.337
0.68 (0.29–1.57)
p = 0.024
0.66
(0.47–0.94)
p = 0.092
0.80 (0.61–1.04)
Had sex since symptoms started    p = 0.041 p = 0.068    p = 0.904 p = 0.974 p = 0.347 p = 0.816 p = 0.005 p = 0.003
 No 57.5% 47.5% 61.7% 62.6%
 Yes, with one partner 40.1% 45.4%    28.4% 31.7%       
    0.67 (0.46–0.98) 0.67 (0.43–1.04)    1.04 (0.53–2.06) 0.99 (0.44–2.20) 0.84 (0.57–1.24) 1.07 (0.60–1.91) 0.54 (0.36–0.81) 0.53 (0.36–0.78)
 Yes, with > 1 partner 2.4% 7.1% 9.9% 5.7%
  1. Notes: Data in this table were reported by participants during the survey, and denominators are participants reporting symptoms as a reason for clinic attendance. We assume that those with STI symptoms will have reported these symptoms as a reason for attendance. Additional file 4 provides detailed data on other ethnic groups
  2. a,b,c,dAdjusted Odds Ratios are adjusted for variables which were statistically significant at p < 0.05 in Table 1:
  3. aFor the ethnic comparison among women: the following binary variables: born in UK, education, sexual orientation, > 5/5+ partners in past 12 months (other sexual partner number variables were omitted due to likely covariance)
  4. bFor the ethnic comparison among men: age as a continuous variable, and the following binary variables: born in UK, education, employment, sexual orientation, reporting regular but uncommitted partner(s)
  5. cFor the gender comparison among BC attendees: age as a continuous variable, and the following binary variables: education, sexual orientation, > 5/5+ partners in past 12 months (other sexual partner number variables were omitted due to likely covariance), reporting any steady partner(s), reporting any regular but uncommitted partner(s), reporting any casual partner(s), and self-perceived STI risk
  6. dFor the gender comparison among White British/Irish attendees: age as a continuous variable, and the following binary variables: employment, sexual orientation, > 5/5+ partners in past 12 months (other sexual partner number variables were omitted due to likely covariance), reporting any steady partner(s), reporting any casual partner(s), reporting condom use at last sex, and self-perceived STI risk