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Table 4 Pre-intervention summary statistics for multimorbid respondents

From: Effects of non-medical health coaching on multimorbid patients in primary care: a difference-in-differences analysis

Variable Enhanced Primary Care Controls SMD
N Meana SD N Meana SD
Outcomes
 EQ-5D-5L score 1,143 0.6671 0.2511 601,527 0.6191 0.2803 0.1713
 Physical functioning 1,195 0.6954 0.2382 634,358 0.6611 0.2493 0.1377
 Psychological wellbeing 1,190 0.8445 0.2131 637,174 0.8011 0.2516 0.1725
 Resilience 1,207 0.8335 0.1812 641,951 0.8051 0.1994 0.1422
 Person-centeredness 1,102 0.8829 0.1550 591,869 0.8580 0.1794 0.1390
 Continuity of care 952 0.7598 0.3041 439,459 0.7228 0.3113 0.1187
 Smoking habit 1,220 0.2369 0.2647 655,448 0.2624 0.3004 −0.0849
 Primary care utilisation 1,238 0.8538 0.1842 662,676 0.8461 0.1888 0.0407
Individual characteristics
 Male 1,250 0.4448 0.4971 673,788 0.4474 0.4972 −0.0052
 White 1,250 0.9712 0.1673 673,788 0.8852 0.3188 0.2699
 Full-time paid work 1,250 0.1280 0.3342 673,788 0.1308 0.3372 −0.0083
 Fully retired from work 1,250 0.5880 0.4924 673,788 0.5334 0.4989 0.1095
 Age under 35 1,250 0.0200 0.1401 673,788 0.0241 0.1532 −0.0265
 Age 65 and over 1,250 0.6952 0.4605 673,788 0.6253 0.4840 0.1444
 Last contacted GP < 6 months ago 1,250 0.8720 0.3342 673,788 0.8720 0.3341 −0.0001
 Last contacted GP > 6 months ago 1,250 0.1248 0.3306 673,788 0.1212 0.3264 0.0109
  1. SMD standardised mean difference (Cohen’s d)
  2. aUnweighted means. Outcome means for physical functioning, psychological wellbeing, resilience, person centeredness, continuity of care, smoking habit and primary care utilisation normalised to [0,1]. Higher values indicate better health status and experience of care, increased smoking habit, and higher primary care utilisation
  3. Continuity of care has a lower N compared to other outcomes since many patients indicated they did not have a preferred GP