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Table 4 Mean time per patient spent by healthcare providers on unique bedside activities over a 240 min maintenance period

From: Bubble CPAP and oxygen for child pneumonia care in Malawi: a CPAP IMPACT time motion study

Task, mean minutes (SD) bCPAP Maintenance (n = 17) Oxygen Maintenance (n = 15) p value
All 38.50 (34.93) 26.88 (15.50) 0.24
Healthcare provider cadre
 Clinical officer 11.18 (9.48) 13.63 (14.48) 0.56
 Nurse 21.32 (28.70) 9.17 (7.17) 0.12
 Vital sign assistant 2.92 (3.82) 3.88 (8.20) 0.69
 HIV counselor 2.08 (5.82) 3.88 (0.65) 0.24
Non-trial specific tasks
 All 38.50 (34.93) 26.88 (15.50) 0.24
 Communication 6.72 (9.35) 4.63 (6.15) 0.46
 Documentation 14.85 (9.95) 13.97 (8.70) 0.79
 Physical Examination 1.67 (4.37) 1.13 (1.00) 0.66
 Vital signs 3.78 (4.70) 2.35 (1.47) 0.28
 Adjustment of equipment 4.57 (4.87) 1.52 (2.50) 0.04*
 Adjustment of nasal interface 2.38 (3.42) 0.63 (1.53) 0.08
 Suctioning 0.47 (1.58) 0.30 (0.85) 0.82
 Blood draw 0.07 (0.17) 0.05 (0.12) 1.00
 Medication Administration 1.43 (2.63) 1.55 (2.32) 0.91
 Feeding 0.33 (0.78) 0 (0) 0.11
 Not otherwise specified 2.25 (5.43) 0.77 (1.78) 0.31
  1. There were no study specific tasks during the maintenance period
  2. bCPAP indicates bubble continuous positive airway pressure; SD, standard deviation; HIV, human immunodeficiency virus
  3. *p < 0.05 considered statistically significant
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