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Table 5 Adjusted Odds Ratios of Step-wise Interventions Predictive of ED Restricted-Discharge Failure in a Multivariate Logistic Regression Model with Intervention Interaction Analysis

From: Common step-wise interventions improved primary care clinic visits and reduced emergency department discharge failures: a large-scale retrospective observational study

  Adjusted Odds Ratios (95% Confidence Interval)
Age 1.06 1.04–1.08
Race
 Caucasian Reference Reference
 Non-Caucasian 1.06 1.04–1.09
Homeless
 No Reference Reference
 Yes 2.03 1.96–2.10
Vital Signs upon ED Discharge
 Normal Reference Reference
 Abnormal 1.21 1.17–1.26
Patient Level of Acuity
 High Acuity level (ESI1–3) Reference Reference
 Low Acuity Level (ESI4–5) 1.50 1.46–1.54
Patient with Chronic Diseases
 No Reference Reference
 Yes 1.17 1.14–1.20
Insurance type
 No insurance Reference Reference
 Charity 0.91 0.88–0.95
 Medicare 0.98 0.94–1.02
 Medicaid 1.06 1.03–1.10
 Commercial 0.67 0.64–0.69
PCP Assignment
 No Reference Reference
 Yes 1.13 1.09–1.16
PCP Visit
 No Reference Reference
 Yes 0.78 0.75–0.80
Step-wise Interventions with interactions
 No Insurance + No PCP-Assignment + No PCP Visits Reference Reference
 Charity Insurance 1.17 1.11–1.24
 Charity Insurance + PCP Assignment 1.15 1.07–1.22
 Charity Insurance + PCP Assignment + PCP Visits 0.67 0.60–0.76
 Medicare Insurance 1.43 1.27–1.60
 Medicare Insurance + PCP Assignment 1.22 1.14–1.32
 Medicare Insurance + PCP Assignment + PCP Visits 0.73 0.69–0.78
 Medicaid Insurance 1.18 1.12–1.23
 Medicaid Insurance + PCP Assignment 0.93 0.81–1.07
 Medicaid Insurance + PCP Assignment + PCP Visits 0.92 0.87–0.97
 Commercial Insurance 0.69 0.65–0.73
 Commercial Insurance + PCP Assignment 0.66 0.52–0.84
 Commercial Insurance + PCP Assignment + PCP Visits 0.68 0.63–0.74