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Table 1 Study Patient General Characteristics

From: Common step-wise interventions improved primary care clinic visits and reduced emergency department discharge failures: a large-scale retrospective observational study

  No Insurance
N = 99,026
Charity
N = 41,427
Medicare
N = 24,279
Medicaid
N = 36,516
Commercial
N = 26,379
Age --- year Median (IQR) 34 (26, 46) 44 (33, 53) 61 (50, 69) 37 (22,52) 38 (26,50)
Gender
 Male (n, %) 50,601 (51) 18,809 (45) 12,477 (51) 15,208 (42) 11,928 (45)
Mode of Arrival
 Healthcare Assisted (n, %) 19,713 (20) 9792 (24) 9150 (38) 11,663 (32) 6312 (24)
Homeless
 Yes (n, %) 4962 (5.0) 5651 (14) 2818 (12) 4708 (13) 363 (1.4)
Race
 Caucasian (n, %) 29,795 (30) 15,600 (38) 8852 (36) 10,631 (29) 8373 (32)
 Non-Caucasian (n, %) 69,231 (70) 25,827 (62) 15,427 (64) 25,885 (71) 18,006 (68)
Level of acuity
 ESI-1,2,3 (n, %) 74,083 (75) 33,526 (81) 20,296 (84) 28,666 (79) 21,327 (81)
 ESI-4,5 (n, %) 24,629 (25) 7803 (19) 3930 (16) 7760 (21) 4981 (19)
Medications Prescribed upon ED Discharge
 Median (IQR) 1 (0,2) 1 (0,2) 1 (0,2) 1 (0,2) 1 (0,2)
 Mean (SD) 1.5 (1.4) 1.3 (1.5) 1.2 (1.9) 1.2 (1.5) 1.3 (1.5)
History of Chronic Diseases
 No (n, %) 57,065 (58) 18,299 (44) 8232 (34) 18,464 (51) 15,724 (60)
 Yes (n, %) 41,961 (42) 23,128 (56) 16,047 (66) 18,052 (49) 10,655 (40)
Abnormal Vital Signs upon ED Discharge
 No (n, %) 84,181 (88) 35,136 (88) 20,076 (87) 28,705 (83) 22,386 (88)
 Yes (n, %) 11,166 (12) 4723 (12) 2950 (13) 5835 (17) 2951 (12)
PCP Assigned
 No (n, %) 77,247 (78) 13,359 (32) 9409 (39) 16,923 (46) 16,028 (61)
 Yes (n, %) 21,779 (22) 28,068 (68) 14,870 (61) 19,593 (54) 10,351 (39)
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