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Table 3 Exploratory factor analysis results (oblimin rotation) for leadership scale at H1 and H2

From: Validation of the nurse leadership and organizational culture (N-LOC) questionnaire

Leadership Style a H1 H2
  (64.0% variance) (71.8% variance)
Confucius Transformational
 Promotes development 0.865 0.867
 Encourages different problem approaches 0.855 0.820
 Considers individual differences 0.851 0.856
 Brings up new ways to finish tasks 0.837 0.853
 Articulate vision 0.795 0.900
 Considers morality of decisions 0.780 0.756
 Behaviour earns our respect 0.690 0.687
 Confident in reaching goals 0.708 0.879
Laissez- Faire-passive
 Reacts only to persistent problems 0.817 0.811
 Reacts when problems arise 0.797 0.831
 Avoids deciding 0.774 0.928
 Unavailable when needed 0.756 0.853
 Stay away from issues 0.756 0.837
 Delays responding 0.712 0.876
  1. a Brief item labels were only provided for leadership scale due to copyright restrictions
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