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Table 1 Nurse demographics and work characteristics at H1 and H2

From: Validation of the nurse leadership and organizational culture (N-LOC) questionnaire

Characteristics H0
(n = 185)
n(%)
H1
(n = 824)
n(%)
P-value
Gender
 Male 19 (10.3) 95 (11.5) 0.72
 Female 166 (89.7) 729 (88.5)  
Age Group
  ≤ 21–30 20 (16.3) 226 (28.4) < 0.001
 31–40 38 (30.8) 196 (24.6)  
 41–50 28 (22.8) 263 (33.0)  
 51- ≥60 37 (30.1) 111 (13.9)  
Education
 Certificate/ Diploma 39 (28.3) 72 (9.1) < 0.001
 Associate Diploma/ Higher Diploma 27 (19.5) 47 (6.0)  
 Bachelor’s Degree (BscN/BN) 48 (34.8) 432 (54.8)  
 Postgraduate Degree 24 (17.4) 237 (30.1)  
Nurse Ranking
 Junior staff (EN) 58 (31.4) 51 (6.2) < 0.001
 Junior staff (RN) 98 (53.0) 566 (68.7)  
 Middle management (APN/NC) 16 (8.6) 172 (20.9)  
 Senior management (WM/UM/DOM) 13 (7.0) 35 (4.2)  
Working Schedule 0.08
 Shift schedule 116 (76.3) 664 (82.8)  
 Regular schedule (9 am-6 pm) 36 (23.7) 138 (17.2)  
Department < 0.001
 A&Ea 46 (5.9)  
 GOPC/SOPC 14 (7.5) 48 (6.1)  
 Medicineb 84 (45.4) 309 (39.6)  
 Surgeryc 68 (36.8) 303 (38.8)  
 Othersd 19 (10.3) 75 (9.6)  
  1. a A&E Accident and emergency
  2. b Medicine – includes medicine, geriatrics, pediatrics and intensive care unit (ICU)
  3. c Surgery – includes surgery, obstetrics, gynecology and operation theatre
  4. d 0thers – includes administration, management, residential care, public health, rehabilitation, occupational Health, community nursing, mental health, psychiatry, addiction treatment and others
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