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Table 1 Mean monthly general practitioner, consultant/specialist episodes and hospital emergency department presentations for treatment or hospital admission in 12 months pre- and post-cancer diagnosis, major and all cancers diagnosed in 45 and Up cohort, 2006–12

From: The burden of cancer on primary and secondary health care services before and after cancer diagnosis in New South Wales, Australia

Cancer Yes/No General Consultant/ ED Admission
   Practitioner Specialist treatment from ED
   Pre Post Pre Post Pre Post Pre Post
Breast Yes 0.40x 3.04*** 0.05 0.10*** 0.011 0.030*** 0.008 0.024***
  No 0.38 0.38 0.05 0.05* 0.011 0.011 0.007 0.008*
Colorectal Yes 0.61xxx 1.68*** 0.09xxx 0.13*** 0.018xxx 0.032*** 0.026xxx 0.060***
  No 0.51 0.50 0.07 0.07*** 0.014 0.014 0.011 0.013**
Lung Yes 0.73xxx 2.54*** 0.14xxx 0.15 0.026xxx 0.047*** 0.037xxx 0.134***
  No 0.51 0.49*** 0.07 0.07 0.013 0.014 0.011 0.014***
Melanoma Yes 0.61xxx 1.05*** 0.07xxx 0.07 0.012 0.018*** 0.010 0.016***
  No 0.45 0.45 0.06 0.07*** 0.011 0.013** 0.009 0.011*
Prostate Yes 0.51xxx 2.11*** 0.08xxx 0.11*** 0.016xxx 0.022*** 0.010 0.020***
  No 0.47 0.47 0.07 0.07*** 0.012 0.013* 0.010 0.012***
All Yes 0.59xxx 2.11*** 0.08xxx 0.10*** 0.018xxx 0.029*** 0.020xxx 0.049***
  No 0.47 0.46*** 0.06 0.07*** 0.012 0.013*** 0.010 0.012***
  1. Significance (by t-test): post-diagnosis compared to pre-diagnosis (*); cancer compared to non-cancer, pre-diagnosis (x):
  2. ***/xxxp <.0001
  3. **/xx.0001 ≤p≤.001
  4. */x.001 <p<.05