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Table 4 Trend analysis of changes in organizational culture by three clinical professional groups

From: The influence of hospital accreditation: a longitudinal assessment of organisational culture

Category Mean Score by Time Point Between time-point comparison (Trend)
1 2 3 1 & 2 1 & 3 2 & 3
Coef. (P > |Z|)
Doctors (N = 125) (N = 71) (N = 14)    
 Group Culture 13.40 15.64 13.71 2.01 (0.15) −0.20 (0.88) −1.58 (0.38)
 Developmental Culture 15.26 15.84 15.91 .62 (0.59) 0.65 (0.63) −0.49 (0.85)
 Hierarchical Culture 43.46 39.93 43.16 −3.86 (0.04)* −0.91 (0.69) 3.18 (0.43)
 Rational Culture 27.87 28.59 27.21 1.15 (0.42) 0.36 (0.78) −1.04 (0.72)
Nurses (N = 293) (N = 221) (N = 96)    
 Group Culture 15.67 16.42 17.77 0.77 (0.35) 1.08 (0.06) 0.83 (0.47)
 Developmental Culture 16.12 17.53 18.02 1.56 (0.02)* 1.00 (0.07) 0.47 (0.68)
 Hierarchical Culture 41.22 38.57 38.21 −2.76 (0.02)* −1.49 (0.08) 0.37 (0.82)
 Rational Culture 26.99 27.48 26.00 0.46 (0.59) −0.60 (0.25) −1.52 (0.20)
Allied health (N = 127) (N = 86) (N = 31)    
 Group Culture 14.71 17.21 12.63 2.45 (0.07) 0.11 (0.88) −4.01 (0.02)*
 Developmental Culture 16.73 15.91 12.95 −0.18 (0.87) −1.46 (0.04)* −2.72 (0.10)
 Hierarchical Culture 41.85 41.34 47.59 −1.26 (0.49) 2.22 (0.15) 5.24 (0.04)*
 Rational Culture 26.71 25.54 26.84 −1.05 (0.37) −0.03 (0.97) 1.36 (0.45)
  1. *p < .05, **p < .01
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