Skip to main content

Table 3 Trend analysis of changes in organizational culture for all participants

From: The influence of hospital accreditation: a longitudinal assessment of organisational culture

Dominant culture Time point Between time-point comparison (Trend)
T1 (N = 545) T2 (N = 378) T3 (N = 141) 1 & 2 1 & 3 2 & 3
Mean (95%CI) Mean (95%CI) Mean (95%) Coef. (P > |Z|)
Group Culture 14.92 (13.90–15.95) 16.45 (15.23–17.68) 16.24 (14.50–17.97) 1.44 (0.02) 0.74 (0.10) −0.57 (0.52)
Personal place 12.83 (11.30–14.36) 14.12 (12.29–15.95) 11.80 (9.35–14.25)    
Warm and caring 15.39 (13.92–16.85) 17.09 (15.36–18.83) 17.91 (15.02–20.80)    
Glued by loyalty and tradition 18.31 (16.77–19.85) 20.87 (18.95–22.78) 19.96 (16.55–23.36)    
Emphasize human resource 15.12 (13.80–16.44) 15.69 (14.00–17.38) 16.89 (13.66–20.11)    
Rewards fairly equally 13.07 (11.58–14.56) 14.62 (12.75–16.48) 14.64 (11.74–17.53)    
Developmental Culture 16.07 (15.18–16.95) 16.84 (15.80–17.88) 16.69 (14.98–18.41) 1.00 (0.05) 0.42 (0.33) −0.22 (0.81)
Dynamics and entrepreneurial place 13.56 (12.23–14.89) 16.30 (14.57–18.03) 14.1 (11.43–16.6)    
Risk takers 10.50 (9.30–11.70) 12.11 (10.62–13.60) 10.99 (8.39–13.58)    
Glued by commitment to innovation and development 16.82 (15.47–18.17) 17.73 (16.05–19.41) 18.09 (15.11–21.06)    
Emphasize growth and new resources 20.72 (19.23–22.21) 19.18 (17.60–20.76) 20.54 (17.72–23.36)    
Rewards based on individual initiative 18.84 (17.33–20.36) 18.67 (17.07–20.28) 19.84 (16.64–23.04)    
Hierarchical Culture 41.88 (40.33–43.43) 39.47 (37.74–41.19) 40.76 (37.86–43.67) −2.67 (< 0.01) −0.74 (0.29) 1.83 (0.15)
Formalized and structured place 44.69 (42.65–46.72) 42.80 (40.35–45.25) 47.09 (42.93–51.26)    
Rule enforcers 49.20 (46.85–51.56) 44.69 (42.02–47.37) 46.32 (41.78–50.86)    
Glued by formal rules and policies 38.86 (36.81–40.91) 35.27 (33.01–37.52) 37.43 (33.68–41.19)    
Emphasize permanence and stability 35.19 (33.18–37.20) 34.17 (31.81–36.52) 34.02 (30.00–38.04)    
Rewards based on rank 41.37 (38.69–44.05) 40.28 (37.25–43.31) 38.94 (33.49–44.40)    
Rational Culture 27.13 (26.23–28.03) 27.24 (26.12–28.36) 26.31 (24.59–28.02) 0.18 (0.77) − 0.44 (0.29) −0.99 (0.29)
Production oriented 28.92 (27.12–30.72) 26.78 (24.71–28.85) 27.09 (23.84–30.34)    
Coordinators and coaches 24.91 (23.39–26.43) 26.10 (24.30–27.91) 24.79 (22.06–27.51)    
Glued by tasks and goal accomplishment 26.01 (24.51–27.51) 26.14 (24.36–27.92) 24.52 (21.58–27.47)    
Emphasize competitive actions and achievement 28.97 (27.19–30.74) 30.96 (28.86–33.06) 28.55 (24.76–32.34)    
Rewards based on achievement of objectives 26.72 (25.01–28.43) 26.42 (24.45–28.40) 26.57 (23.13–30.02)    
\