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Table 3 Mean (SD) costs per patient over 12 months

From: Factors associated with costs and health outcomes in patients with Back and leg pain in primary care: a prospective cohort analysis

Cost (£)
  ALL Referred leg pain Sciatica Mean difference (95% CI)
ATLAS physiotherapy 43.09 (24.42) 36.94 (22.46) 44.94 (24.72)  
  n = 368 n = 85 n = 283  
Primary care
 GP consultations 72.07 (107.65) 50.40 (88.35) 78.57 (112.12) 28.17 (2.84 to 49.48)
 Practice nurse consultations 1.25 (5.44) 2.01 (7.26) 1.02 (4.74) −0.99 (−2.74 to 0.39)
 Consultations with other professionals 5.86 (16.32) 5.18 (15.79) 6.06 (16.49) 0.88 (−3.09 to 4.76)
 Prescriptions 1.02 (1.65) 0.65 (1.15) 1.13 (1.76) 0.33 (−3.19 to 3.20)
Hospital-based care
 NHS professional visits 59.08 (169.59) 51.64 (206.40) 61.32 (157.22) 9.68 (−40.87 to 51.47)
 Private professional visits 33.61 (177.62) 59.61 (274.68) 25.80 (135.34) −33.81 (−98.19 to 19.68)
 Investigations (MRI, X-rays) 35.97 (93.57) 34.03 (108.76) 36.55 (88.71) 2.52 (−29.54 to 23.75)
Other healthcare professionals
 Additional NHS physiotherapy 109.28 (172.03) 93.69 (147.62) 113.96 (178.67) 20.27 (−20.69 to 55.45)
 Private physiotherapy 19.37 (96.43) 20.71 (121.94) 18.97 (87.58) −1.74 (−31.85 to 19.05)
 NHS ‘other’ 1.76 (20.08) 3.2 (29.50) 1.32 (16.26) −1.87 (−10.67 to 2.62)
 Private ‘other’ 0.99 (12.83) 0 1.29 (14.62) 1.29 (0.15 to 3.75)
 Over the counter purchases 10.51 (24.29) 11.34 (30.83) 10.26 (22.02) −1.08 (−9.09 to 5.25)
 Work-related: Time-off work associated with condition 728.14 (2635.13) 216.05 (857.31) 881.94 (2952.15) 665.89 (349.61 to 1120.31)
 Imputed Analysis   n = 157 n = 452  
 NHS costs 296.56 (326.75) 249.70 (301.58) 312.85 (333.83)  
 mean difference (95% CI)   63.14 (8.70 to 117.35)  
 Societal costs 1106.13 (2328.54) 700.82 (1006.76) 1246.92 (2623.35)  
 mean difference (95% CI)   546.11 (274.16 to 844.01)  
  1. NHS National Health Service costs, MRI Magnetic resonance imaging, C0049 Confidence interval