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Table 3 Multivariable regression models of the frequency of use of methods in solving ethical problems

From: Ethical problems in nursing management – a cross-sectional survey about solving problems

Independent variables Dependent variables  
   Methods used in solving ethical problem a
Discussion and deliberation Use of outside experts Written instructions and ethical principles Acts and degrees Work arrangements
beta (SE) beta (SE) beta (SE) beta (SE) beta (SE)
Participating in education concerning ethics in last 2 years
 Yes 0.17 (0.08) 0.35 (0.11)
 No b 0 0
 p c 0.0269 0.0012
Education
 University of applied sciences or other institute −0.25 (0.10)
 University b 0
 p c 0.0115
Position in organisation
 Ward management − 0.36 (0.13) − 0.20 (0.09)
 Middle or strategic management b 0 0
 p c 0.0082 0.0257
Sum score of work-related background factors 0.23 (0.10)
 p c 0.0254
Frequency of ethical problems related to patients d 0.16 (0.07)
 p c 0.021
Frequency of ethical problems related to nursing staffd 0.24 (0.10)
 p c 0.0198
Difficulty of ethical problems related to nursing staff e − 0.17 (0.06) − 0.25 (0.09) − 0.28 (0.10)
 p c 0.0064 0.0046 0.0068
Frequency of ethical problems related to organisation d 0.15 (0.06) 0.28 (0.09) 0.46 (0.10) 0.22 (0.08)
 p c 0.009 0.0017 <.0001 0.0047
Difficulty of ethical problems related NM her/himself e − 0.09 (0.04) − 0.16 (0.08)
 p c 0.0218 0.0444
100 x R2 (%) 5.1 8.1 18.5 16.3 12.4
 p f 0.0042 0.0007 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001
  1. Empty cell (−): No significant association.
  2. SE Standard error.
  3. afrequency 1 = never, 5 = always
  4. breference category
  5. csignificance of the independent variable
  6. dfrequency 1 = never, 5 = daily
  7. edifficulty, 1 = very easy, 5 = very difficult
  8. fsignificance of the multivariate regression model