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Table 6 Item variation and internal consistency of the total confirmed model and of the model’s six safety factors based on data from 288a respondents in five nursing homes, Tønsberg, Norway, 2016

From: The safety attitudes questionnaire – ambulatory version: psychometric properties of the Norwegian version for nursing homes

Total model: Cronbach’s alpha: 0.886
Teamwork climate: Cronbach’s alpha: 0.655 Mean (SDb) CI-OFCc
3. Input from personnel is well received in this nursing home ward. 3.92 (1.01) 0.54
24d. In this nursing home ward, it is difficult to speak up if I perceive a problem with patient care. 3.50 (1.32) 0.33
30. Disagreements in this nursing home ward are resolved appropriately (i.e., not who is right but what is best for the patient). 4.00 (1.08) 0.55
34. I have the support I need from other personnel to care for patients. 4.30 (0.98) 0.37
Safety climate: Cronbach’s alpha: 0.738 Mean (SDb) CI-OFCc
4. I would feel safe being treated here as a patient. 4.05 (1.03) 0.51
5. Medical errors are handled appropriately in this nursing home ward. 4.02 (1.05) 0.49
11. I receive appropriate feedback about my performance. 3.69 (1.22) 0.52
12d. In this nursing home ward, it is difficult to discuss errors. 3.10 (1.31) 0.36
20. I am encouraged by my colleagues to report any patient safety concerns I may have. 4.08 (1.05) 0.43
21. The culture in this nursing home ward makes it easy to learn from the errors of others. 3.79 (1.09) 0.57
28. I know the proper channels to direct questions regarding patient safety in this nursing home ward. 4.10 (1.17) 0.31
Job satisfaction: Cronbach’s alpha: 0.786 Mean (SDb) CI-OFCc
2. I like my job. 4.70 (0.71) 0.78
8. Working in this nursing home ward is like being part of a large family. 3.67 (1.27) 0.77
15. This nursing home ward is a good place to work. 4.31 (0.89) 0.71
29. I am proud to work at this nursing home ward. 4.32 (0.93) 0.75
41. Morale in this nursing home ward is high. 4.24 (1.01) 0.79
Perceptions of management: Cronbach’s alpha: 0.713 Mean (SDb) CI-OFCc
9. Senior management of this nursing home ward is doing a good job. 3.76 (1.13) 0.63
10. The management of this nursing home ward supports my daily efforts. 3.68 (1.09) 0.64
26. I am provided with adequate, timely information about events in the nursing home ward that might affect my work. 3.41 (1.08) 0.35
Working conditions: Cronbach’s alpha: 0.686 Mean (SDb) CI-OFCc
6. This nursing home ward does a good job of training new personnel. 3.89 (1.10) 0.61
7. All the necessary information for diagnostic and therapeutic decisions is routinely available to me. 3.82 (1.07) 0.63
18. The levels of staffing in this nursing home ward are sufficient to handle the number of patients. 2.61 (1.31) 0.73
22. This nursing home ward deals constructively with problem personnel. 3.44 (1.22) 0.59
42. Trainees in my discipline are adequately supervised. 4.14 (0.98) 0.61
Stress recognition: Cronbach’s alpha: 0.694 Mean (SDb) CI-OFCc
25. When my workload becomes excessive, my performance is impaired. 3.98 (1.24) 0.73
31. I am less effective at work when fatigued. 4.01 (1.21) 0.56
32. I am more likely to make errors in tense or hostile situations. 3.86 (1.24) 0.60
33. Stress from personal problems adversely affects my performance. 3.37 (1.43) 0.45
  1. a169 respondents answered all items in the hypothesized model. After imputation of missings by multiple regression analysis, 288 health care providers were included in the analysis
  2. bStandard deviation
  3. cCI-OFC = Corrected Item-to-Own-Factor Correlation
  4. dReverse-scored items