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Table 3 Functional IMA proxies by disability profile and level of limitation for specific ADL tasks

From: Evaluation of bottom-up interventions targeting community-dwelling frail older people in Belgium: methodological challenges and lessons for future comparative effectiveness studies

  Low limit. IADL (cogn.) Func. Func., cogn. Func., cogn., behav. P value Total
Nursing
 Hygiene tasks < 3 25.38 39.52 45.95 38.2 37.21   33.33
 Hygiene tasks = 3 48.74 54.01 49.01 65.18 62.96   52.22
 Hygiene tasks]3–6] 75.51 100 69.78 73.34 70.83   71.19
 Hygiene tasks = 6 42.86 100 77.43 80.67 76.71   78.88
P value *** *** ***   ***
 Total 29.28 41.65 63.58 74.13 65.51 *** 55.54
Physical therapy
 Locomotion 3 9.83 14.99 22.48 24.89 16.76   17.79
 Locomotion > 3 0 0 34.45 45.48 41.03   39.83
P value *** *** *** ***   ***
 Total 9.81 14.99 25.59 33.32 22.32 *** 22.02
Parkinson’s medication
 Total 5.45 7.67 8.94 12.03 10.49 *** 8.82
Incontinence lump sum
 Total 1.34 2.73 12.1 22.98 16.24 *** 10.99
  1. Table presents for each disability profile (Low limit. Low-level limitations, IADL (cogn.) IADL and low level of cognitive impairment, Func Functional limitations, Func., cogn. Functional & cognitive impairments, func., cogn., behav. Functional, cognitive & behavioural problems) the proportions of people utilizing the service. The p values in columns are obtained from the chi-squared test comparing the disability profiles. The p values in lines derive from the chi-squared test comparing the different levels of limitation for specific ADL tasks. ***: p value ≤0.001; NS No significant; −: minimum expected value < 5