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Table 1 Technology categories with included studies

From: Digital technology and nursing care: a scoping review on acceptance, effectiveness and efficiency studies of informal and formal care technologies

Category Definitions Number of included studies
ICT ICT are technologies, that either provide or document relevant information, support data management and transfer and focus mostly on improvement of interpersonal communication. The category comprises for example Telecare, Tele-ICU or software applications for process planning. 147
Robot Robots are machines that interact with their physical environment by sensors, actuators and information technology. This includes social assistive robots, physical assistive robots and complex robotic systems. 102
Sensor Sensors measure physical or chemical properties and are used to assess, e.g. behaviour, movements or odours. They are often used to control/trigger other devices like pumps or alarm systems. 83
Multiple Technologies Interventions/studies that include technologies from different technology categories. 80
EHR/EMR Electronic health records (EHR) and electronic medical records (EMR) are digital records of patient related health information. EMR refers to patient data that is stored and exchanged inside an institution, mostly a hospital. The main focus of the EHR is the capability to exchange information between two systems. 57
Monitoring Monitoring technologies are complex and analytical technologies to monitor patient, caregiver or organisational relevant data over a period. They often integrate sensors but are more complex than single sensor solutions. 51
Assistive Device Assistive Devices assist or support a caregiver or a person in need of care in performing a particular task and are enhanced with digital technology, i.e. are digitally connected or equipped with sensor technology. 39
E-Learning E-Learning includes forms of learning that use electronic or digital media to present or distribute learning resources, or to support communication in learning settings. [30] 38
HIS Hospital/Care Institution Information Systems (HIS) collect, store, manage and transmit data in hospitals or other care institutions. They can comprise operational management systems, EMR and/or other organisational systems. 30
Educational Technology Educational Technologies assist learning in nursing education by simulating real life care scenarios and/or incorporate feedback systems. Examples are high fidelity simulations and nurse self-training systems. 23
AAL AAL technologies are integrated multifunctional, often modular systems that support a person in his/her living environment. AAL generally comprises a set of different technologies, often sensors and communication technologies, that intend to support the well-being, security and independent living of an elderly person. [31] 18
Decision Support Decision support systems are software solutions that link individual patient data (input) with treatment guidelines and a recommendation (output) to be delivered to a person in charge of care. [12] 18
Virtual Reality Virtual Reality refers to non-immersive as well as fully immersive, 360-degree artificial environment, which is experienced through a head mounted display (HMD). [32] 11
Tracking Tracking technologies locate people or objects. 9
Serious Games Serious Games aim to develop, improve or help maintaining certain skills or competencies, or to evoke behaviour changes. 8
PMR Personal medical records (PMR) are digital records of patient related health information, that are accessible for patients. 1
Total   715