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Table 3 Summary statistics on price dispersion relative to International Reference Price across sectors and medicine groups

From: Evaluating medicine prices, availability and affordability in Bangladesh using World Health Organisation and Health Action International methodology

  Public sector – Lowest Price Generic
Source list n= Mean MPR Median MPR Min Max
Full sample Global 13 1.208 1.256 0.131 2.362
Supplementary 33 0.886 0.758 0.147 2.672
All 46 0.977 0.776 0.131 2.672
NCD drugs only Global 7 0.955 0.756 0.131 1.940
Supplementary 19 0.805 0.627 0.147 2.672
All 26 0.846 0.629 0.131 2.672
Infectious disease drugs only Global 4 1.697 1.675 1.076 2.362
Supplementary 12 0.905 0.875 0.271 1.648
All 16 1.103 1.118 0.271 2.362
Uncategorized drugs All 4 1.327 1.482 0.784 1.558
Essential Medicines In EML 39 1.038 0.890 0.131 2.672
  Not in EML 7 0.637 0.631 0.147 1.440
  Private sector retail - Lowest Price Generic   
Full sample Global 12 2.286 2.330 0.784 4.430
Supplementary 43 1.537 1.411 0.325 3.890
All 55 1.700 1.521 0.325 4.430
NCD drugs only Global 6 2.290 2.465 1.019 3.527
Supplementary 26 1.301 1.171 0.325 3.338
All 32 1.486 1.202 0.325 3.527
Infectious disease drugs only Global 4 2.810 2.983 0.846 4.430
Supplementary 15 1.950 1.698 0.330 3.890
All 19 2.131 1.981 0.330 4.430
Uncategorized drugs All 4 1.370 1.514 0.784 1.668
Essential Medicines In EML 46 1.777 1.562 0.325 4.430
  Not in EML 9 1.308 1.371 0.379 2.309
  Private sector retail - Originator Brand   
Full sample Global 2 8.750 8.750 1.391 16.110
Supplementary 6 2.014 1.400 0.597 5.902
All 8 3.698 1.489 0.597 16.110
Essential Medicines In EML 7 1.925 1.391 0.597 5.902
Not in EML 1 16.110 16.110 16.110 16.110
  Private sector clinics - Lowest Price Generics   
Full sample Source list n= Mean MPR Median MPR Min Max
Global 13 2.381 2.604 0.784 4.430
Supplementary 41 1.537 1.470 0.325 3.890
All 54 1.740 1.573 0.325 4.430
NCD drugs only Global 7 2.335 2.604 1.019 3.527
Supplementary 26 1.339 1.067 0.325 3.443
All 33 1.551 1.213 0.325 3.527
Infectious disease drugs only Global 4 2.814 2.968 0.889 4.430
Supplementary 13 1.933 1.698 0.335 3.890
All 17 2.141 1.981 0.335 4.430
Uncategorized drugs All 4 1.603 1.531 0.784 2.568
Essential Medicines In EML 45 1.807 1.624 0.325 4.430
  Not in EML 9 1.405 1.371 0.379 2.568
  Private sector clinics - Originator Brands   
Full sample Global 2 8.750 8.750 1.391 16.110
Supplementary 6 2.094 1.545 0.597 5.902
All 8 3.758 1.634 0.597 16.110
Essential Medicines In EML 7 1.993 1.391 0.597 5.902
Not in EML 1 16.110 16.110 16.110 16.110
  1. Source: Authors’ Data
  2. Note: n = Number of survey medicines with MPR values. Mean and median MPR summarize all calculated median price ratios in the indicated groups, with the MPR for each medicine using the median unit price in local currency compared with the International Reference Price in local currency. Minimum and maximum MPR refer to the lowest and highest MPR observed across medicines in each group