Skip to main content

Table 3 Multinomial logistic regression model for reasons for “not see a doctor” among Chinese aged≥45 years, 2015 (reference category is unmet need due to no need)

From: Why not see a doctor when ill? Evidence from the Chinese elderly

Factors Inconvenient traffic or no time to see doctor Distrust doctors or hospital service Could not afford Other
Sex
 Female Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Male 1.145 (0.600–2.186) 1.004 (0.515–1.958) 1.270 (0.860–1.875) 0.906 (0.573–1.433)
Age group
 75+ Reference Reference Reference Reference
 60–74 0.407 (0.173–0.956)* 0.514 (0.209–1.262) 0.992 (0.535–1.841) 1.065 (0.545–2.080)
 45–59 0.351 (0.135–0.913)* 0.245 (0.083–0.719)* 0.863 (0.440–1.696) 0.440 (0.202–0.960)*
Marital status
 Married Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Othersa 1.621 (0.830–3.165) 0.780 (0.336–1.811) 1.323 (0.862–2.032) 1.359 (0.836–2.209)
Hukou
 Rural Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Urban 0.296 (0.098–0.890)* 0.709 (0.292–1.723) 0.582 (0.326–1.040) 1.049 (0.590–1.862)
Education
 No formal Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Elementary school 0.685 (0.331–1.418) 1.275 (0.570–2.853) 0.897 (0.581–1.384) 0.490 (0.297–0.808)**
 Middle school and above 1.053 (0.437–2.534) 1.358 (0.491–3.756) 0.665 (0.374–1.180) 0.672 (0.360–1.254)
Income
 Low Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Middle 0.887 (0.411–1.913) 1.042 (0.463–2.345) 1.372 (0.865–2.176) 1.332 (0.782–2.268)
 High 0.988 (0.474–2.058) 0.904 (0.393–2.079) 0.928 (0.576–1.497) 0.989 (0.561–1.743)
Access to pensionb
 No Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Yes 0.664 (0.352–1.256) 0.641 (0.324–1.267) 0.810 (0.539–1.218) 0.689 (0.433–1.098)
Access to health insurancec
 No Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Yes 1.078 (0.391–2.970) 0.698 (0.251–1.940) 0.458 (0.267–0.786)** 0.984 (0.476–2.035)
Self-reported general health status
 Bad Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Fair 1.187 (0.561–2.513) 0.751 (0.343–1.648) 0.441 (0.293–0.662)*** 0.597 (0.365–0.976)
 Very good/good 1.196 (0.526–2.720) 1.224 (0.540–2.774) 0.310 (0.188–0.511)*** 0.550 (0.313–0.965)
Chronic illness
 No chronic disease Reference Reference Reference Reference
 One chronic disease 1.215 (0.357–4.133) 0.186 (0.036–0.956)* 0.697 (0.317–1.532) 0.417 (0.185–0.940)*
 Two chronic diseases 1.746 (0.519–5.870) 0.641 (0.185–2.221) 1.222 (0.569–2.622) 0.787 (0.365–1.697)
 Three and more chronic diseases 2.195 (0.714–6.747) 1.629 (0.615–4.313) 1.766 (0.887–3.514) 0.957 (0.487–1.880)
  1. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001
  2. aInclude divorced or separated, widowed and single
  3. bInclude rural pension, urban residents’ pension, commercial pension, pension of the firms, pension program of the government or institutions and old age pension allowance or others
  4. cInclude urban employee medical insurance, urban and rural resident medical insurance, new cooperative medical insurance, urban resident medical insurance, private medical Insurance, government medical insurance