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Table 2 Distribution of reasons for “not see a doctor” among Chinese aged≥45 years, 2015.(N (weighted, %))

From: Why not see a doctor when ill? Evidence from the Chinese elderly

Factors No need Inconvenient traffic or no time to see doctor Distrust doctors or hospital service Could not afford Other
Sex
 Female 675 (63.59) 69 (5.85) 48 (4.29) 187 (15.79) 124 (10.48)
 Male 575 (65.55) 44 (4.96) 44 (5.10) 128 (13.49) 81 (10.90)
Age group
 75+ 109 (53.40) 19 (7.39) 17 (5.34) 35 (13.12) 33 (20.74)
 60–74 475 (60.39) 43 (5.77) 39 (4.67) 137 (16.54) 103 (12.64)
 45–59 666 (70.97) 51 (4.62) 36 (4.44) 143 (13.83) 69 (6.14)
Marital status
 Married 989 (67.89) 79 (4.99) 70 (4.58) 237 (14.04) 143 (8.49)
 Othersa 261 (54.21) 34 (6.80) 22 (4.88) 78 (16.91) 62 (17.20)
Hukou
 Rural 895 (61.55) 92 (6.05) 69 (5.30) 253 (16.30) 156 (10.80)
 Urban 240 (73.70) 13 (4.21) 17 (3.86) 32 (10.05) 33 (8.17)
Education
 No formal 218 (53.49) 29 (6.75) 14 (3.06) 80 (20.07) 65 (16.63)
 Elementary school 373 (62.52) 27 (4.95) 27 (4.70) 105 (17.22) 56 (10.61)
 Middle school and above 245 (73.11) 16 (3.84) 15 (4.22) 39 (10.70) 32 (8.14)
Income
 Low 436 (64.24) 43 (6.40) 34 (5.36) 110 (15.35) 68 (8.65)
 Middle 383 (58.93) 37 (5.19) 30 (4.09) 123 (18.49) 80 (13.30)
High 398 (70.29) 31 (4.78) 28 (4.81) 70 (9.13) 55 (10.99)
Access to pensionb
 No 319 (57.51) 28 (4.45) 29 (5.42) 114 (22.37) 63 (10.25)
 Yes 931 (67.18) 84 (5.75) 62 (4.38) 200 (11.86) 142 (10.84)
Access to health insurancec
 No 101 (58.00) 8 (3.76) 10 (4.51) 46 (22.78) 20 (10.96)
 Yes 1149 (65.19) 105 (5.63) 82 (4.67) 269 (13.88) 185 (10.63)
Self-reported general health status
 Bad 218 (51.76) 22 (4.16) 31 (6.10) 124 (26.34) 58 (11.65)
 Fair 496 (66.46) 40 (4.75) 27 (4.41) 112 (15.36) 72 (9.01)
 Very good/good 457 (72.85) 40 (6.17) 28 (4.49) 64 (8.52) 53 (7.97)
Chronic illness
 No chronic disease 211 (74.89) 19 (5.69) 10 (3.32) 28 (9.36) 24 (6.74)
 One chronic disease 214 (74.10) 13 (3.80) 8 (3.87) 30 (9.92) 22 (8.32)
 Two chronic diseases 167 (65.46) 14 (5.81) 9 (5.33) 35 (14.38) 25 (9.02)
 Three and more chronic diseases 376 (55.49) 42 (5.41) 41 (4.80) 152 (19.39) 94 (14.90)
  1. aInclude divorced or separated, widowed and single
  2. bInclude rural pension, urban residents’ pension, commercial pension, pension of the firms, pension program of the government or institutions and old age pension allowance or others
  3. cInclude urban employee medical insurance, urban and rural resident medical insurance, new cooperative medical insurance, urban resident medical insurance, private medical Insurance, government medical insurance