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Table 1 Associations between factors and “not see a doctor” among Chinese aged≥45 years, 2015. (N (weighted, %))

From: Why not see a doctor when ill? Evidence from the Chinese elderly

Factors Control groupa “Not see a doctor” groupa OR(95%CI)b
Sex
 Female 7170 (87.72) 1023 (12.28) Reference
 Male 7263 (89.57) 821 (10.43) 0.963 (0.906–1.024)
Age group
 75+ 1430 (85.72) 197 (14.28) Reference
 60–74 5782 (88.99) 741 (11.01) 1.125 (1.018–1.243)*
 45–59 7221 (89.02) 906 (10.98) 1.253 (1.124–1.397)***
Marital status
 Married 11,761 (89.38) 1410 (10.62) Reference
 Othersc 2672 (85.69) 434 (14.31) 1.092 (1.014–1.176)*
Hukou
 Rural resident 10,048 (88.04) 1355 (11.96) Reference
 Urban resident 2901 (89.47) 326 (10.53) 0.974 (0.903–1.052)
Education
 No formal 2632 (87.28) 375 (12.72) Reference
 Elementary school 3799 (88.02) 550 (11.98) 1.016 (0.944–1.093)
 Middle school and above 3186 (89.90) 324 (10.10) 0.939 (0.861–1.025)
Income
 Low 5035 (87.28) 644 (12.72) Reference
 Middle 4314 (88.02) 613 (11.98) 1.060 (0.986–1.141)
 High 4659 (89.90) 543 (10.10) 1.073 (0.997–1.154)
Access to pensiond
 No 3935 (88.83) 522 (11.17) Reference
 Yes 10,488 (88.57) 1319 (11.43) 0.971 (0.909–1.037)
Access to health insurancee
 No 1277 (87.72) 173 (12.28) Reference
 Yes 13,156 (88.73) 1671 (11.27) 0.943 (0.853–1.042)
Self-reported general health status
 Bad 1578 (78.30) 425 (21.70) Reference
 Fair 4622 (87.03) 704 (12.97) 0.811 (0.746–0.883)***
 Very good/good 7455 (92.56) 585 (7.44) 0.660 (0.606–0.719)***
Chronic illness
 No chronic disease 3792 (93.07) 265 (6.93) Reference
 One chronic disease 3071 (91.99) 266 (8.01) 1.102 (1.012–1.200)*
 Two chronic diseases 2124 (90.71) 230 (9.29) 1.161 (1.061–1.270)**
 Three and more chronic diseases 2836 (80.67) 671 (19.33) 1.548 (1.423–1.683)***
  1. aAll proportions are weighted
  2. bThe binary model with negative log log link is not weighted. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001
  3. cInclude divorced or separated, widowed and single
  4. dInclude rural pension, urban residents’ pension, commercial pension, pension of the firms, pension program of the government or institutions and old age pension allowance or others
  5. eInclude urban employee medical insurance, urban and rural resident medical insurance, new cooperative medical insurance, urban resident medical insurance, private medical Insurance, government medical insurance