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Table 4 Multivariate Analysis of Cost of Outpatient Treatment (n = 734)

From: Medical expenditure for middle-aged and elderly in Beijing

  Treatment Transportation, food, accommodations Medicine/supplies Unofficial gifts Lost income Total OOP
Gender (Male, reference group) −408.9 (0.235) 40.2 (0.610) 161.4 (0.293) 44.4 (0.553) − 141.7 (0.385) − 512.3 (0.363) −261.9 (0.582)
Age group (45–50, reference group)
 51–60 110.3 (0.797) −134.9 (0.169) 382.5 (0.045) −3.8 (0.967) 1.0 (0.996) 62.6 (0.929) −88.8 (0.879)
 61–70 1439.8 (0.020) − 122.5 (0.387) 967.1 (0.000) 16.6 (0.901) − 236.4 (0.420) 1739.5 (0.085) 374.1 (0.665)
  > 70 1888.0 (0.047) 301.9 (0.166) 742.6 (0.080) −46.3 (0.823) 407.4 (0.366) 2837.1 (0.068) 1722.1 (0.199)
Marital status (Single/Divorced/Widowed, reference group)
 Married 108.2 (0.855) 41.8 (0.758) − 519.8 (0.049) −56.2 (0.661) −35.0 (0.900) − 692.1 (0.474) − 1110.7 (0.175)
Education (No schooling, reference group)
 Primary − 412.3 (0.797) − 1251.8 (0.001) −88.3 (0.902) − 284.8 (0.415) − 4102.6 (0.000) − 5792.6 (0.028) − 5184.9 (0.025)
 Junior high 637.3 (0.689) − 801.2 (0.028) 147.3 (0.836) − 183.7 (0.595) − 3823.1 (0.000) − 3651.5 (0.161) − 4018.8 (0.080)
 Senior high −19.3 (0.991) − 886.5 (0.018) −85.1 (0.907) −50.7 (0.886) − 3785.7 (0.000) − 4238.0 (0.111) − 4444.2 (0.056)
Junior college and above − 683.3 (0.676) −959.0 (0.011) 103.0 (0.888) −99.3 (0.780) − 3545.0 (0.000) − 4456.6 (0.096) − 3556.5 (0.129)
Occupation (Government, reference group)
 Enterprise 503.5 (0.511) 93.0 (0.597) 311.9 (0.362) −48.2 (0.772) − 296.8 (0.415) 571.9 (0.649) 1139.5 (0.272)
 Farming − 1634.0 (0.122) − 421.5 (0.082) − 356.6 (0.450) 156.8 (0.495) − 357.8 (0.476) − 1944.8 (0261) − 658.0 (0.644)
 Small private business −0.6 (0.999) − 155.6 (0.429) − 226.0 (0.555) − 30.5 (0.870) −315.1 (0.439) −425.8 (0.762) − 165.6 (0.885)
 Other 144.2 (0.869) − 177.1 (0.378) 69.0 (0. 860) 54.7 (0.774) −238.2 (0.566) −69.1 (0.962) 396.5 (0.737)
 Retired 240.7 (0.760) −128.3 (0.477) −408.0 (0.245) 73.3 (0.668) 68.7 (0.854) 112.4 (0.930) 159.2 (0.881)
 No job − 2494.6 (0.028) − 432.2 (0.096) − 630.8 (0.212) 66.3 (0.788) − 769.4 (0.152) − 2484.2 (0.180) − 259.3 (0.872)
Area (Urban area, reference group)
 Rural area 61.6 (0.878) −136.4 (0.138) − 486.9 (0.007) − 186.6 (0.032) 320.1 (0.092) − 618.0 (0.346) 49.3 (0.928)
Type of hospital (Grade I, reference group)
 Grade II − 395.2 (0.400) 6.9 (0.949) − 392.2 (0.061) 43.3 (0.672) − 298.4 (0.181) − 980.8 (0.202) − 455.9 (0.474)
 Grade III 288.6 (0.526) 114.1 (0.274) − 352.7 (0.082) −21.9 (0.825) −53.1 (0.805) −63.1 (0.932) − 114.0 (0.856)
 Private −365.9 (0.775) −149.8 (0.610) − 437.6 (0.444) −6.6 (0.981) − 643.4 (0.290) − 1494.8 (0.476) − 1081.2 (0.549)
Chronic disease (No, reference group)
 Yes 900.1 (0.043) 220.3 (0.031) 249.2 (0.209) −56.9 (0.556) 30.3 (0.886) 1456.6 (0.046) 1240.3 (0.044)
Using health insurance (Yes, reference group)
 No − 1031.7 (0.068) −56.0 (0.666) 156.8 (0.535) 82.9 (0.501) 110.8 (0.680) − 803.8 (0.386) 1451.1 (0.050)
Person times 289.0 (0.000) 48.5 (0.000) 24.1 (0.037) 10.8 (0.050) 9.4 (0.441) 388.0 (0.000) 175.2 (0.000)
Per capita income (1 K Yuan) 6.2 (0.173) −1.3 (0.211) 7.8 (0.000) 1.0 (0.315) 3.4 (0.117) 17.7 (0.018) 15.0 (0.015)
  1. In each cell: estimated regression coefficient (p-value)