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Table 3 Multivariate Analysis of Cost of Inpatient Treatment (n = 452)

From: Medical expenditure for middle-aged and elderly in Beijing

  Treatment Transportation, food, accommodations Medicine/supplies Unofficial gifts Lost income Total OOP
Gender (Male, reference group) − 1821.9 (0.264) − 370.4 (0.182) − 722.9 (0.016) − 306.8 (0.427) − 771.7 (0.044) − 3747.7 (0.086) − 1554.1 (0.203)
Age group (45–50, reference group)
 51–60 2159.1 (0.307) 323.2 (0.369) 704.3 (0.070) 670.9 (0.181) 616.8 (0.214) 4505.4 (0.112) 2555.2 (0.101)
 61–70 3702.1 (0.210) 151.3 (0.763) 27.6 (0.959) 262.1 (0.708) − 364.9 (0.599) 3737.5 (0.345) 850.3 (0.701)
  > 70 18,613.4 (0.000) 1540.9 (0.031) 456.1 (0.553) 127.5 (0.898) 2079.5 (0.035) 22,494.4 (0.000) 6029.4 (0.053)
Marital status (Single/Divorced/Widowed, reference group)
 Married − 144.6 (0.957) −71.9 (0.873) − 2138.1 (0.000) − 108.0 (0.863) − 385.7 (0.535) − 3323.8 (0.348) 34.5 (0.986)
Education (No schooling, reference group)
 Primary 10,756.5 (0.106) 849.1 (0.431) 618.4 (0.595) 105.1 (0.944) 272.7 (0.855) 16,169.5 (0.057) 822.0 (0.872)
 Junior high 12,274.0 (0.063) 819.8 (0.446) 1859.7 (0.109) 206.3 (0.890) 770.2 (0.604) 19,270.2 (0.023) 1074.0 (0.833)
 Senior high 15,824.2 (0.019) 819.9 (0.456) 336.6 (0.776) −99.7 (0.948) 1338.2 (0.378) 21,439.6 (0.014) 411.3 (0.937)
 Junior college and above 16,111.9 (0.017) 495.0 (0.655) 264.8 (0.824) 32.7 (0.983) 1650.4 (0.280) 21,766.0 (0.013) 1826.1 (0.727)
Occupation (Government, reference group)
 Enterprise 5245.1 (0.206) 1196.2 (0.091) − 295.8 (0.697) 1346.3 (0.172) 2266.4 (0.020) 9756.0 (0.080) 5424.7 (0.073)
 Farming 931.2 (0.859) −442.9 (0.617) − 1017.6 (0.286) 356.8 (0.772) 713.7 (0.559) −391.4 (0.955) − 1342.7 (0.723)
 Small private business 3145.6 (0.485) 349.0 (0.649) 25.0 (0.976) 238.5 (0.823) 722.0 (0.496) 4456.2 (0.461) 1984.9 (0.544)
Other 6579.2 (0.151) 588.1 (0.450) − 454.0 (0.589) 415.7 (0.702) 1598.5 (0.138) 8610.4 (0.161) 2794.1 (0.400)
Retired 2389.0 (0.563) 452.9 (0.520) − 916.0 (0.227) 34.6 (0.972) 1360.5 (0.162) 3282.1 (0.553) 1120.2 (0.713)
No job 4693.6 (0.390) 51.5 (0.956) − 1128.4 (0.261) 630.8 (0.626) 2240.1 (0.082) 6885.9 (0.347) 3136.1 (0.439)
Area (Urban area, reference group)
 Rural area 1913.8 (0.300) − 121.2 (0.700) − 1438.2 (0.000) −438.4 (0.317) 1065.9 (0.014) 895.3 (0.718) 1021.1 (0.461)
Type of hospital (Grade I, reference group)
 Grade II − 1241.3 (0.615) − 175.2 (0.677) − 466.6 (0.303) −452.7 (0.439) − 549.7 (0.344) − 2944.5 (0.373) − 1998.2 (0.264)
 Grade III 4059.0 (0.088) 902.7 (0.026) − 195.5 (0.654) 176.7 (0.754) 119.3 (0.831) 4959.0 (0.120) 2230.3 (0.192)
 Private − 7876.7 (0.364) 1644.2 (0.266) 4004.7 (0.012) 607.2 (0.768) −650.4 (0.750) − 2180.8 (0.851) 1380.1 (0.820)
Chronic disease (No, reference group)
 Yes 3706.0 (0.154) 438.5 (0.322) − 616.1 (0.197) −99.5 (0.872) 150.0 (0.806) 3676.6 (0.291) 1322.6 (0.499)
Using health insurance (Yes, reference group)
 No − 3889.1 (0.483) − 643.6 (0.496) −310.4 (0.760) − 874.1 (0.507) − 1747.2 (0.181) − 7306.2 (0.326) 4006.0 (0.302)
Person times 15,853.1 (0.000) 1354.3 (0.000) 997.7 (0.002) 239.5 (0.558) 2106.4 (0.000) 20,338.8 (0.000) 4997.1 (0.001)
Per capita income (1 K Yuan) 33.1 (0.273) 8.5 (0.098) 9.4 (0.088) 18.2 (0.011) 20.8 (0.003) 88.3 (0.029) 29.8 (0.173)
  1. In each cell: estimated regression coefficient (p-value)