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Table 1 Characteristics of the Whole Cohort and Subgroups with Inpatient or Outpatient Treatments

From: Medical expenditure for middle-aged and elderly in Beijing

  Total (N = 808) Inpatient treatment> 0 (n = 452) P Outpatient treatment> 0 (n = 734) P
Gender    0.664   0.846
 Male 408 (50.5) 234 (51.8)   367 (50.0)  
 Female 400 (49.5) 218 (48.2)   367 (50.0)  
Age 55.3 ± 8.2 56.8 ± 8.8 0.003 55.7 ± 8.4 0.468
Age group    0.040   0.005
 45–50 290 (35.9) 130 (28.8)   250 (34.1)  
 51–60 346 (42.8) 205 (45.4)   321 (43.7)  
 61–70 127 (15.7) 81 (17.9)   119 (16.2)  
  > 70 45 (5.6) 36 (8.0)   44 (6.0)  
Marital status    0.425   0.763
 Single/Divorced/Widowed 83 (10.3) 53 (11.7)   72 (9.8)  
 Married 725 (89.7) 399 (88.3)   662 (90.2)  
Education    0.388   0.891
 No schooling 11 (1.4) 10 (2.2)   11 (1.5)  
 Primary 50 (6.2) 37 (8.2)   47 (6.4)  
 Junior high 200 (24.8) 118 (26.1)   183 (24.9)  
 Senior high 246 (30.4) 134 (29.6)   218 (29.7)  
 Junior college and above 301 (37.3) 153 (33.8)   275 (37.5)  
Occupation    0.462   0.997
 Government 22 (4.9) 25 (4.3)   47 (6.4)  
 Enterprise 77 (17.0) 27 (4.6)   146 (19.9)  
 Farming 34 (7.5) 200 (34.4)   48 (6.5)  
 Small private business 49 (10.8) 15 (2.6)   82 (11.2)  
 Other 52 (11.5) 13 (2.2)   79 (10.8)  
 Retired 195 (43.1) 205 (35.2)   299 (40.7)  
 No job 23 (5.1) 97 (16.7)   33 (4.5)  
Area    0.374   0.842
 Urban 563 (69.7) 304 (67.3)   508 (69.2)  
 Rural 245 (30.3) 148 (32.7)   226 (30.8)  
Having health insurance    0.509   0.964
 Yes 799 (98.9) 445 (98.5)   726 (98.9)  
 No 9 (1.1) 7 (1.5)   8 (1.1)  
Distance to the nearest hospital (meter)    0.587   0.752
  < =500 219 (27.1) 112 (24.8)   188 (25.6)  
 501–1000 224 (27.7) 135 (29.9)   202 (27.5)  
  > =1001 365 (45.2) 205 (45.4)   344 (46.9)  
Type of the nearest hospital    0.594   0.602
 Grade I 197 (24.4) 106 (23.5)   165 (22.5)  
 Grade II 295 (36.5) 171 (37.8)   272 (37.1)  
 Grade III 304 (37.6) 172 (38.1)   290 (39.5)  
 Private 12 (1.5) 3 (0.7)   7 (1.0)  
Per capita income (1 K RMB) 47.381 ± 37.449 44.828 ± 28.331 0.207 46.667 ± 37.885 0.710
Physical condition    < 0.001   0.901
 Healthy 222 (27.5) 49 (10.8)   188 (25.6)  
 Just so-so 428 (53.0) 267 (59.1)   390 (53.1)  
 A little sick 106 (13.1) 95 (21.0)   104 (14.2)  
 Sick 47 (5.8) 36 (8.0)   47 (6.4)  
 Very sick 5 (0.6) 5 (1.1)   5 (0.7)  
Chronic disease    < 0.001   0.034
 No 197 (24.4) 53 (11.7)   146 (19.9)  
 Yes 611 (75.6) 399 (88.3)   588 (80.1)  
Person times of treatment 1.1 ± 0.5 4.6 ± 6.8  
  1. For a categorical variable, count (percentage); For a continuous variable, mean ± standard deviation