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Table 1 The demographic information of the study sample

From: Comparison of the Patient Enablement Instrument (PEI) with two single-item measures among Finnish Health care centre patients

  All participants, n = 483 Comparison by participation in the telephone interview (test-retest analyses)
Patients included in the test-retest analyses, n = 175a Patients who did not participate in the telephone interview, n = 254
Frequency Percentage Frequency Percentage Frequency Percentage
Ageb
 Range 18–97   19–88   18–97  
 Mean (SD) 58.5 (19.1)   62.2 (17.2)   56.2 (20.4)  
 Data missing/NA 17 3.5 7 4.0 9 3.5
Mean PEI score immediately after the appointment
 Mean (SD) 3.78 (3.83)   4.13 (3.95)   3.81 (3.86)  
Sex
 Female 313 64.8 108 61.7 173 68.1
 Male 153 32.8 60 34.3 73 28.7
 Other 1 0.2 0 0 1 0.4
 Data missing/NA 16 3.3 7 4.0 7 2.8
Language
 Finnish 455 94.2 164 93.7 240 94.5
 Other 5 1.1 2 1.1 2 0.8
 Data missing/NA 23 4.8 9 5.1 12 4.7
Co-habitation
 Single, divorced, widowed 199 41.2 72 41.1 105 41.3
 Married, registered partnership, or common-law marriage 267 55.3 96 54.9 140 55.2
 Data missing/NA 17 3.5 7 4.0 9 3.5
Educationb
 No qualifications obtained or primary education (lower-level) 119 24.9 41 23.4 65 25.6
 Upper secondary-level education (middle-level) 245 50.7 80 45.7 141 55.5
 Post-secondary or higher (higher-level) 98 20.3 47 26.9 37 14.6
 Data missing/NA 21 4.3 7 4.0 11 4.3
Working statusb
 Working 92 19.0 21 12.0 61 24.0
 Retired 275 56.9 112 64.0 135 53.1
 Other (unemployed, student, other) 99 20.5 34 19.4 51 20.1
 Data missing/NA 17 3.5 8 4.6 7 2.8
State of health (self-assessment)
 Excellent 32 6.6 10 5.7 21 8.3
 Good 165 34.2 66 37.5 85 33.5
 Fair 171 35.4 60 34.3 85 33.5
 Poor 18 3.7 6 3.4 7 2.8
 Data missing/NA 97 20.1 33 18.8 56 22.0
Number of chronic illnessesb
 No chronic illness 78 16.1 22 12.6 48 18.9
 1 116 24.0 38 21.7 69 27.2
 2–3 191 39.5 80 45.7 87 34.3
  > 3 61 12.6 26 14.9 26 11.3
 Data missing/NA 37 7.7 9 5.1 24 9.4
Number of reasons for the consultation b
 1 299 61.9 98 56.0 170 66.9
  > 1 170 35.2 71 40.6 77 30.3
 Data missing/NA 14 2.9 6 3.4 7 2.8
Reason for the consultation
 Acute 158 32.7 52 29.7 83 32.7
 Non-acute 311 64.4 117 66.9 164 64.6
 Data missing/NA 14 2.9 6 3.4 7 2.8
Locationb
 Semi-rural 147 30.4 58 33.1 63 24.8
 Urban 196 40.6 78 44.6 108 42.5
 Rural 140 29.0 39 22.3 83 32.7
  1. bPatients who had not visited a doctor in the interim period and had completed the PEI at the baseline and retest; 26 of these had not completed Q1
  2. bStatistically significant difference between groups in the Chi-square test (bolded), missing values excluded from the analyses