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Table 2 Pre- and peri-resuscitation care characteristics

From: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation practices in the Netherlands: results from a nationwide survey

Hospital location level
na (%)
University locations (n = 8) Teaching locations (n = 63) Non-teaching locations (n = 28) Total locations n = 99)
Pre-arrest variables
 Mandatory DNR-counselling upon admission 8 (100) 57 (90.5) 23 (82.1) 88 (88.9)
 Rapid Response System available 7 (87.5) 55/61 (90.2) 25/27 (92.6) 87/96 (90.6)
 Type of Rapid Response System
  EWS 2/7 (28.6) 33/55 (60.0) 16/25 (64.0) 51/87 (58.6)
  MEWS 5/7 (71.4) 13/55 (23.6) 8/25 (32.0) 26/87 (29.9)
  NEWS 0 2/55 (3.6) 1/25 (4.0) 3/87 (3.4)
  Own scoring system 0 5/55 (9.1) 0 5/87 (5.7)
 Number of team members RRT
  2 persons 6/6 (100) 34/54 (62.9) 15/25 (60.0) 55/85 (64.7)
  3 persons 0 15/54 (27.8) 9/25 (36.0) 23/85 (27.1)
  4 persons 0 2/54 (3.7) 1/25 (4.0) 3/85 (3.5)
Peri-arrest variables
 ERC/NRR 2015 Guidelines 8 (100) 60 (95.2) 27 (96.4) 95 (96.0)
 Availability Medical Doctor with ALS certificate
  24/7 8 (100) 37/62 (59.7) 11 (39.3) 56/98 (57.1)
  Daytime + evening 0 4/62 (6.5) 3 (10.7) 7/98 (7.1)
  Daytime 0 3/62 (4.8) 0 3/98 (3.1)
  No strict regulations 0 12/62 (19.4) 10 (35.7) 22/98 (22.4)
  No doctor with ALS certificate 0 6/62 (9.7) 4 (14.3) 10/98 (10.2)
 Training frequency
  Twice a year 2 (25.0) 26 (41.3) 13 (46.4) 41 (41.4)
  Once a year 4 (50.0) 35 (55.5) 13 (46.4) 52 (52.5)
  Less than once a year 2 (25.0) 2 (3.2) 2 (7.1) 6 (6.1)
 Transthoracic echo use during CPR 7 (87.5) 35/62 (56.5) 17 (60.7) 59/98 (60.2)
  Performed by (resident) cardiologist 7/7 (100) 26/35 (74.3) 14/17 (82.4) 47/59 (79.7)
Mechanical CPR use during CPR 5 (62.5) 23 (36.5) 12 (42.9) 39 (39.4)
  LUCAS 2/5 (40.0) 15/23 (65.2) 9/12 (75.0) 27/39 (66.7)
  AutoPulse 2/5 (40.0) 6/23 (26.1) 3/12 (25.0) 11/39 (28.2)
Team size
   < 4 persons 2 (25.0) 10/59 (16.9) 5/26 (19.2) 17/93 (18.3)
  4 persons 3 (37.5) 17/59 (28.8) 3/26 (11.5) 23/93 (24.7)
   > 4 persons 3 (37.5) 32/59 (54.2) 18/26 (69.2) 53/93 (57.0)
  1. aIn case of missing values or other denominator than all hospitals, the denominator is given. DNR Do Not Resuscitate, (M/N)EWS (Modified/National) Early Warning System, RRT Rapid Response Team, ERC European Resuscitation Council, NRR Dutch resuscitation council, ALS Advanced Life Support, CPR Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, LUCAS Lund University Cardiopulmonary Assist System