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Table 1 Socio-demographic, Comorbidity, and Health Care Utilization Characteristics of Diabetes, Dementia, Stroke Cohorts

From: Insights on multimorbidity and associated health service use and costs from three population-based studies of older adults in Ontario with diabetes, dementia and stroke

  Diabetes Dementia Stroke
Total Cohort - 2008 376,421 100,630 29,673
Age groups: 66–74 years 189,867 (50.4%) 20,379 (20.3%) 9,471 (31.9%)
 75–84 years 149,558 (39.7%) 47,937 (47.6%) 13,646 (46.0%)
 85+ years 36,966 (9.9%) 32,314 (32.1%) 6,556 (22.1%)
Age – Mean (SD) 75.3 (6.5) 80.9 (7.2) 78.5 (7.2)
Gender: Male 189,005 (50.2%) 39,666 (39.4%) 14,817 (49.9%)
 Female 187,416 (49.8%) 60,694 (60.6%) 14,856 (50.1%)
# of comorbid conditions: 0 16,515 (4.4%) 3,750 (3.7%) 255 (0.9%)
 1 72,380 (19.2%) 13,415 (13.3%) 2,026 (6.8%)
 2 113,893 (30.3%) 23,543 (23.4%) 5,162 (17.4%)
 3 87,874 (23.3%) 23,923 (23.8%) 6,876 (23.2%)
 4 49,615 (13.2%) 17,462 (17.4%) 6,295 (21.2%)
 5+ 36,144 (9.6%) 18,537 (18.4%) 9,059 (30.5%)
Average # comorbidities – Mean (SD) 2.5 (1.33) 2.9 (1.48) 3.5 (1.28)
Health Service Utilization 2008 – Mean (SD)
General Practitioner Visits 10.38 (10.81) 12.81 (14.97) 13.24 (14.91)
Specialist Visits 12.89 (14.48) 13.47 (15.82) 15.64 (17.01)
Emergency Department Visits 1.80 (11.00) 1.65 (9.00) 2.40 (12.58)
Hospitalizations
 Medical 0.20 (0.61) 0.30 (0.71) 0.36 (0.82)
 Surgical 0.08 (0.30) 0.07 (0.29) 0.09 (0.32)
 ALC 0.03 (0.19) 0.08 (0.30) 0.07 (0.28)
 ICU 0.04 (0.24) 0.04 (0.21) 0.06 (0.27)
Homecare nursing visits 2.96 (17.54) 3.95 (20.29) 4.32 (20.63)
Total Health Service Use Costs (2008) $1,408,188,080 $713,692,137 $231,045,259
Average Costs Per Patient (2008) $3,741 $7,092 $7,786