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Table 1 Sample characteristics: Patients in home care assisted by a home care service (HCS) and patients hospitalized in a hospital service. Brazil, 2012–2016

From: Analyses of the effectiveness of a Brazilian pediatric home care service: a preliminary study

Variables Modality of assistance
(n / %)
p-value
Home group
n = 36)
Hospital group
(n = 13)
Sexa    0.989
 Male 25 / 30.56 9 / 69.23  
 Female 11 / 69.44 4 / 30.77  
Dependence degreeb    0.561
 Wanders 2 / 5.56 1 / 7.60  
 Wheelchair user 1 / 2.78 1 / 7.69  
 Bedridden 33 / 91.67 11 / 84.62  
Classification by type of careb    0.663
 HC2 7 / 19.44 1 / 7.69  
 HC3 29 / 8.56 12 / 92.31  
Medical devicesc   
 Oxygen therapy 9 / 25.00 8 / 61.5  
 IMVd 19 / 52.78 9 / 69.2  
 IMV Intermittent 8 / 22.22 3 / 23.0  
 NIMVd 0 / 0.00 0 / 0.00  
 NIMV Intermittent 2 / 5.56 0 / 0.00  
 GTM 31 / 86.11 12 / 92.3  
 PVC 0 / 0.00 1 / 7.69  
 Tracheostomy 27 / 75.00 10 / 76.9  
 Colostomy 1 / 2.78 1 / 7.69  
 Tenckoff catheter 1 / 2.78 1 / 7.69  
Main Diagnosisc   
 Pulmonary disease 4 / 11.11 0 / 0.00  
 Neurological disease 16 / 44.44 7 / 53.85  
 Genetic syndrome 12 / 33.33 2 / 15.38  
 Others 4 / 11.11 4 / 30.77  
Age Groupb    0.465
 Infants (29 days to 12 months) 13 / 38.2 2 / 15.38  
 Toddlers (1 to 3 years old) 14 / 41.2 6 / 46.15  
 Kindergarten children (4 to 5 years old) 3 / 8.8 1 / 7.69  
 School children (6 to 12 years old) 6 / 17.6 4 / 30.77  
  1. HC2 Home care type 2, HC3 Home care type 3, IMV Invasive mechanical ventilation, NIMV Noninvasive mechanical ventilation, GTM Gastrostomy, PVC Permanent venous catheter
  2. aChi-square Independence test applied to the variable and Modality of assistance
  3. bFisher Exact test applied to the variable and Modality of assistance
  4. cNo statistical association was possible due low frequency in some categories
  5. dcontinuous use
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