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Table 4 Odds ratios of hierarchical models of ART intention

From: Intention to initiate antiretroviral therapy (ART) among people living with HIV in China under the scaling-up of ART: the role of healthcare workers’ recommendations

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Background
Duration of HIV infection (months since HIV diagnosis)
 <1 1.00 1.00 1.00
 1–12 0.49 (0.27,0.91) * 0.54 (0.29,1.02)+ 0.79 (0.40,1.57)
 >12 0.19 (0.11,0.31) *** 0.21 (0.12,0.35) *** 0.30 (0.16,0.55) ***
Route of HIV infection
 Heterosexual behaviour 1.00   
 Homosexual behaviour 0.92 (0.53,1.59) 0.95 (0.54,1.66) 0.79 (0.43,1.46)
 Injecting drug use/uncertain 0.16 (0.05,0.52) ** 0.16 (0.05,0.54) ** 0.18 (0.05,0.62) **
Infection status of current spouse/regular sex partners
 Negative 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Positive 0.31 (0.12,0.80) * 0.32 (0.12,0.85) * 0.21 (0.07,0.60) **
 Don’t know 0.62 (0.27,1.41) 0.65 (0.28,1.49) 0.60 (0.25,1.42)
 Without partner 0.32 (0.14,0.70) ** 0.31 (0.14,0.70) ** 0.23 (0.10,0.54) **
Most recent CD4 counts
 <=350 1.00 1.00 1.00
 >350 0.58 (0.37,0.93) * 0.60 (0.37,0.96) * 0.62 (0.37,1.03)+
Psycho-social status
Anxiety N.A.   
 Normal (0–4)   1.00 1.00
 Mild (5–9)   2.50 (1.49,4.18) *** 2.65 (1.52,4.62) ***
 Moderate-severe (10–21)   2.29 (1.17,4.45) * 2.44 (1.19,4.98) *
Healthcare workers’ recommendations to initiate ART
From physicians at CHCs N.A. N.A.  
 Weak recommendation    1.00
 Strong recommendation    0.53 (0.26,1.11)+
 Not applicable    1.19 (0.53,2.71)
From physicians at the CDC N.A. N.A.  
 Weak recommendation    
Strong recommendation    3.67 (1.62,8.33) **
 Not applicable    1.03 (0.31,3.44)
From healthcare workers at NGOs N.A. N.A.  
 Weak recommendation    
 Strong recommendation    3.67 (1.58,8.52) **
 Not applicable    2.00 (1.00,4.02)+
-2LL(d.f.) 473.043(8)*** 458.218(10) 395.715(17)
∆-2LL(d.f.) comparison with Model 1 N.A. −14.825*** (2) N.A.
∆-2LL(d.f.) comparison with Model 2 N.A. N.A. −47.406*** (6)
  1. +: p < 0.1; *:p < 0.05; **: p < 0.01; ***: p < 0.001
  2. NA: Not applicable
  3. -2LL(d.f.): −2 log likelihood (degree of freedom)
  4. ORs with p < 0.05 are in bold