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Table 3 Associations between psycho-social factors, healthcare workers’ recommendations and ART intention

From: Intention to initiate antiretroviral therapy (ART) among people living with HIV in China under the scaling-up of ART: the role of healthcare workers’ recommendations

   Univariate Multivariate
  % ORu 95% CI ORa 95% CI
Psycho-social status
Depression
 Normal (0–4) 57.5 1.00   1.00  
 Mild (5–9) 67.9 1.56 (0.99,2.48)+ 1.58 (0.94,2.66)+
 Moderate-severe (10–27) 81.3 3.21 (1.88,5.47) *** 2.85 (1.57,5.16) ***
Anxiety
 Normal (0–4) 57.3 1.00   1.00  
 Mild (5–9) 78.5 2.72 (1.71,4.34) *** 2.50 (1.49,4.18) ***
 Moderate-severe (10–21) 78.8 2.76 (1.52,5.04) *** 2.29 (1.17,4.45) *
Perceived stigma   1.00 (0.97,1.03) 1.00 (0.97,1.03)
Social support   1.01 (0.99,1.03) 1.02 (1.00,1.03)+
Healthcare workers’ recommendations to initiate ART
From physicians at CHCs
 Weak recommendation 58.5 1.00   1.00  
 Strong recommendation 58.2 0.99 (0.6,1.63) 1.21 (0.69,2.11)
 Not applicable 85.7 4.26 (2.35,7.72) *** 2.94 (1.53,5.66) ***
From physicians at the CDC
 Weak recommendation 40.3 1.00   1.00  
 Strong recommendation 76.1 4.71 (2.73,8.13) *** 4.77 (2.51,9.05) ***
 Not applicable 45.5 1.24 (0.53,2.86) 1.26 (0.48,3.33)
From healthcare workers at NGOs
 Weak recommendation 46.5 1.00   1.00  
 Strong recommendation 80 4.60 (2.40,8.78) *** 4.89 (2.37,10.08) ***
 Not applicable 73.1 3.12 (1.94,5.03) *** 2.78 (1.60,4.84) ***
  1. ORu: odds ratio of univariate logistic regression models;
  2. ORa:odds ratios of adjusted logistic regression models’ adjusting for background variables which were multivariately significant in Table 2
  3. +: p < 0.1; *:p < 0.05; **: p < 0.01; ***: p < 0.001
  4. ORs with p < 0.05 are in bold